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Vocab for History

Inference

the reasoning involved in drawing a conclusion or making a logical judgment on the basis of circumstantial evidence and prior conclusions rather than on the basis of direct observation

coherent

sticking together

commodity

articles of commerce

geography

study of the earth's surface

chronology

arrangement of events in time

Economy

frugality in the expenditure of money or resources

direct democracy

A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives

representative democracy

A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people. Used only by Greece

republic

a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

empire

a group of countries under a single authority

province

the proper sphere or extent of your activities

polis

City-State

acropolis

the citadel in ancient Greek towns

agora

Greek place of assembly

forum

Roman assembly place

veto

vote against

patriarch

the male head of family or tribe

matriarch

a female head of a family or tribe

prophet

an authoritative person who divines the future

monarch

a nation's ruler or head of state usually by hereditary right

oligarch

one of the rulers in an oligarchy

emperor

the male ruler of an empire

heir

a person who inherits some title or office

altar

a raised structure on which gifts or sacrifices to a god are made

libation

the act of pouring a liquid offering (especially wine) as a religious ceremony

tribute

something given or done as an expression of esteem

sacrifice

make a sacrifice of

offering

the act of contributing to the funds of a church or charity

booty

loot; the spoils of war; goods or property seized by force; a valuable prize

monument

a structure erected to commemorate persons or events

stele

an ancient upright stone slab bearing markings

blaspheme

speak of in an irrevent or impious manner

muster

call to duty, military service, jury duty, etc.

deploy

place troops or weapons in battle formation

anoint

administer an oil or ointment to

philosopher

a wise person who is calm and rational

humanism

the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason

aristocrat

a member of the aristocracy

arete

the strive for excellence

garrison

a fortified city

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