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Mali

this country is home to the fabled city of Timbuktu; it was the center of Islamic learning in ancient times. The kind made a flamboyant hajj to Mecca and gave out large supplies of gold

Morocco

Atlas mountains cover much of this country; 8 miles from Spain across the Strait of Gibraltar

Sudan

this country votes last summer to split into two separate countries. Arab Muslims in the north; Christian farmers in the south.

Egypt

The Aswan Dam is located here; an ancient civilization started here thousands of years ago; the most industrialized nation in Africa

Tunisia

This country overthrew its dictator, Ben Ali in 2011 and started the 'Arab Spring'. Ancient city of Carthage was located here.

Libya

This country was recently freed from the rule of a dictator, Muammar Qaddafi, by a multinational effort.

Benin

Along with Togo and Nigeria, this country was home to the Yoruba; famous for 'bronzes'

Ghana

Defeated the USA in World Cup Soccer- twice; exports gold, diamonds, and bauxite; has a per capita output that is twice that of the poorest African country.

Cape Verde

These islands were uninhabited when the Portuguese arrived in the 15th century.

Nigeria

an example of a stateless society, the Igbo live in this country; the most populous country in Africa

Liberia

Became Africa's first independent black nation in 1847 as a homeland for freed slaves; most from America.

Tutan Khamen

the boy pharaoh who died at a young age; his tomb wasn't discovered until 1921.

Zheng He

remarkable Chinese explorer and admiral, he reached Africa around 1414

rai

a type of protest music

Osiris

Egyptian god of the Underworld

Bartholomew Dias

Explorer who rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488

souks

open air marketplaces

Coptic

the Christian Church in Egypt

Portugal

European country which started the slave trade in Europe

Great Sphinx

largest statue in Egypt

canopic jars

organs removed from the body during mummification are store in:

shawabtis

statuettes buried with the dead in ancient Egypt to perform tasks for the deceased

Anubis

Egyptian god of embalming; protector of mummies

gold and salt

What were the main products traded in the empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai?

a necropolis is a city for the dead, or a graveyard

The Valley of the Kings is the most famous necropolis on earth. What is a necropolis?

asasai

colorful cloth woven by the Ashanti of Ghana is called:

escarpment

a steep slope with a nearly flat plateau on top:

Aksum

the Queen of Sheba was from which ancient African kingdom?

Sahel

a narrow band of dry grassland that runs east to west along the southern edge of the Sahara:

Nile

this river flooded gradually and regularly, thus enabling the Egyptians to be successful farmers

aquifers

huge stores of underground water under the Sahara

Sahara

this desert is the world's largest desert; temperatures can reach 130 degrees in the shade

oil and gold

what are some of the abundant resources in Africa?

true, they were built by paid workers

t/f: the pyramids were not built by slaves

true

t/f: only 20% of the Sahara consists of sand

false, they had been trafficking slaves before their arrival

t/f: the trafficking of slaves started in Africa with the arrival of Europeans in 1444

true

t/f: "mummy unwrapping parties" were all the rage in Victorian England

false

t/f: Islam spread into Africa in the 3rd and 4th centuries

Goree Island

what island, off the coast of Senegal, was the location of a slave fort that eventually 20 million slaves went through?

Babalawo

in the Yoruba religion, diviners or fortune-tellers are called:

Esu

the Yoruba trickster figure:

twins

the Yoruba believed that __________ brought good fortune.

Sierra Leone

which country has a 35% literacy rate, poor roads and transportation systems, and once produced some of the world's highest-quality diamonds?

4,000 permanent, 16-20,000 secondary

the Great Pyramid was built by how many permanent workers? and how many secondary workers?

beer and 10 loaves of bread

(Old Kingdom 2686-2181 BC) manual workers who were housed in a camp by the pyramid town were given rations of...

true

true or false: the pyramid workers were clearly not slaves

true

true or false: DNA samples taken from the bones of the workers show that building the pyramids was truly a nationwide project

copper processing plant, bakeries, fish processing unit

historians found these at the industrial complex just south of the pyramid town

Carthage

around 814 BC a Phoenician queen founded __________ in present day Tunisia

Souks

open air marketplaces

rai

Algeria is home to this type of music developed in the 1920's which is now used as a form of rebellion against Islamic fundamentalists

20%

the percentage of women who are part of Tunisia's parliament

oil

discovery that transformed the economies of Libya, Tunisia and Algeria

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