TOEFL Words

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Teacher: Rosie Heindel-Mellinger Kent State University Level 7 Reading Developing Skills for the TOEFL iBT: Intermediate Chapters 1-3 (units 1-3)

mark

(verb) to be a defining feature of
The discovery of gold in California ___________ the beginning of an economic boom known as the Gold Rush.

incidence

(noun) the number of times something happens or develops.
Smokers had the highest____________of colds.

indication

(noun) a sign, remark, event etc that shows what is happening.
Dark green leaves are a good____________ of healthy roots.

innocent

(adjective) not guilty of a crime
Nobody would believe that I was_____________.

innovation

(noun) a new idea, device, or method
She is responsible for many_____________in her field

boom

(noun) a rapid increase
There was a ________ in the number of people who owned cars in the 1960s.

broach

(verb) to introduce (a subject, issue, etc.) for discussion.
She _____________ the idea of getting another cat.

clarify

(verb) to make (something) easier to understand.
Can you __________exactly what it is you're proposing?

cloud

1) (verb) to make less clear
When over flowing rivers deposit their run-off water into the ocean, the incoming sediment ____________ the water with tiny particles.
2) (noun) a white or gray mass in the sky that is made of many very small drops of water.
The sun is shining and there's not a __________in the sky.

mark

(noun) a small area on the surface of somthing that is dirty, dameged, etc.
There is a black -———— on the ground.

novel

1) (adjective) new
Mark Zuckerburg came up with a _____ idea when he invented Facebook. No one had ever done anything like it before.
2) (noun) a long written story usually about imaginary characters and events.
My friend always like to read a ————.

nurture

(verb) to help somthing or someone to grew, or succeed.
Teachers should ————— their student's creativity.

overt

(adjective) easily seen : not secret or hidden.
The professor's ________ criticism of me in front of the class really embarrassed me because it was so obvious to everyone.

commentary

(noun) spoken or written discussion in which people express opinions about someone or something.
The television show features political____________by well-known journalists.

trace

(noun) a small amount of something; an indication that something has been present
There wasn't a ____________ of evidence for the claim.
(verb) follow, discover, or make a mark
Please _______________ the student's progress.

uniform

(adjective) always the same
Same thing, people's feeling is not __________.
(noun) clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a particular group
They wear their new _____________.

unison

(noun) occurring together or simultaneously
They work in _______________.

venture

(verb) proceed somewhere despite the risk of possible dangers
Don't____________ into the jungle without a guide.

settle

(verb) to end an argument or solve a disagreement.
We hope the factions will be able to______ their differences by peaceful means.

runoff

(noun) the occurrence of surplus liquid (as water) exceeding the limit or capacity.
Aortoiliac arteries transport blood to the _____system

renown

(noun) when you are famous and a lot of people admire you for a special skill,or achievement.
He has won world_____for his films.

reinforce

(verb) to give support to an opinion, idea, or feeling, and make it stronger.
The film______ the idea that women should be pretty.

specimen

(noun) a small amount or piece that is taken from something,so that it can be tested or examined
Could I see a ______ of the material?

tangible

(adjective) clear enough or definite enough to be easily seen or noticed
Registered ______ Cultural Properties

territory

(noun) land that is owned or controlled by a particular country, ruler, or military force
There is no home ______ or enemy _____.

taint

(verb) to contaminate, make dirty, bad or damage the quality of something
Fish will readily die in ______ water.

depletion

(noun) the act of decreasing something markedly.
- The focus was to understand the role these species might play in stratospheric ozone ________.

device

(noun) a thing made for a particular purpose.
- I have an iPhone ______.

ecosystem

(noun) a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their environment.
- The study of _______ mainly consists of the study of certain processes

embellish

1) (verb) to exaggerate
The chorus influenced the audiences reactions in plays by showing ______ reactions.
2) (verb) to beautify by or as if by ornamentation
- a book _________ with illustrations

empirical

(adjective) derived from or guided by experience or experiment; scientific
I have an _______ test of english langauge.

engaged

1) (adjective) busy with a task
When ______ in same-sex conversation, the ways in which women and men achieve these goals are remarkably different.
2) (adjective) bound by promise especially to marry.
- she became __________ to John .

established

(adjective) settled or accepted.
- American people wear ___________ customs in halloween

evaporate

(verb) to change into vapour and disappear.
- The small pool of water __________ in the sunshine.

pamphlet( n)

a very thin book with paper covers, that gives information about something :
a political _______.

prolonged(v)

to deliberately make something such as a feeling or activity last longer
I was trying to think of some way to______ the conversation

realism( n)

the ability to accept and deal with difficult situations in a practical way, based on what is possible rather than what you would like to happen:
He has hope, but also a scientist's sense of _______.

expedition

(noun ) a journey or voyage undertaken by a group of people with a particular purpose
- an ________ to the jungles of the Orinoco

exposition

(noun) a comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory
-the _________ and defense of his ethics

facilitate

(verb) make (an action or process) easy or easier
-schools were located on the same campus to __________ the sharing of resources

finance

(noun) monetary support for an enterprise
- housing _______ .

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