the major crops grown by native North American people included
corn and beans
which two civilizations were NOT in existence at the same time?
hopewell and mississippian
why did some peoples in the Pacific Northwest hold potlaches?
to give away their possessions
all the following people built pyramid-shaped building except the ...?
the reason farming developed more slowly in the Americas than else where was that early Americans ...?
had no horses or plows
mayan religion was closely connected to ...
list the two main river systems in the Americas
Amazon and Mississippi
name the main mountain range in South America
creation myths were used to explain peoples.....
early Native Americans never invented the ..... partly because they had no large animals
population could grow and people could live in one place because they learned to provide a _____ ____ supply
a festive gathering was called a ....
the buffalo was sacred to the people of the ____ __________
Ruled by a military class
"Children of The Sun"
The pilgrimage of Henry IV to canossa symbolized the .....
Power of the pope during the Middle Ages
Charlemagne's empire broke up after his death because of
feuds and internal wars among his successors
The church operated like agovernment during the Middle Ages, except that it did NOT
most of the power in the feudal system was held by
the major reason for the development of feudalism was
the need for protection in the absence of central government
Which type of people were LEAST likely to hold land in medieval society?
which system is characterized by estates containing villages in which peasants farmed the lord's lands and provided other services to the lord?
the conflict between popes and kings that existed during much of the Middle Ages was mainly over
power and authority
The Anglo-Saxons divided their kingdoms into districs called shires
in medieval society, a vassal had more loyalty to his lord than to his king
a pope's most important advisors were the archbishops
Charlemagne never learned to write
vikings were called Danes or
___ was made of chain mail
the main part of the castle was called the
name on of the church positions that made up the secular clergy
who were the "princes of the church"
nuns and monks were both considered clergy
the curia advised the kings
the church's code of law was called ______ law
this was also called the "Great Charter"
parliament is divided into two ___
execution during the inquisition could include this extreme form.
burned at stake
What NEW type of business arose in Europe as an indirect result of the Crusades?
as European kings built strong nations, all the following lost power EXCEPT
people in towns
the purpose of the Crusades was for Christians to regain the Holy Land from the
the only Crusade that succeeded in capturing Jerusalem was the
One Reason that trade increased in Europe by the late Middle Ages was the
influence of the Crusades
An indirect result of the Crusades was that commerce
increased, and kings were strenghtened
one change in education during the late Middle Ages was that
schools opened in towns and admitted any male who could pay the fee
During the Children's crusade some of the crusaders were sold into slavery
the dividion of Europe into deudal landholdings caused trade to increas
Troubadours were traveling
name the plague that killed millions and how was it transmitted?
black death and fleas on rats
Protestants are to the Reformation as _______ are to the Renaissance.
Which of hte following was NOT characteristic of Italisan Renaissance art?
The Italian Humanists emphasized
a renewed interest in classical learning
supporters of the Reformation objected to the selling of indulgences, which allowed ____.
people to buy pardons from punishment for thier sins.
the printing press contributed to all of the following EXCEPT
understanding and tolerance between Catholics and Protestants.
Humanists scholars studied ancient Greek and Roman writings
a government that is ruled by religious leaders is called an aristocracy
the reformation and the COunter-Reformation both began as efforts to reform the Catholic Church
renaissance painters used this technique to give the illusion of depth
this man painted the Mona Lisa
He invented the Printing Press
Martin Luther posted his #___ theses on a church door. THis started what would be called the ____ or pardons from punishments of sins.
Name one of the two luxury drinks introduced at this time
most people of this time used these to eat
fingers- ate out central dish
advances of the Scientific Revolution included all of hte following EXCEPT
the geocentric theory of Ptolemy
the rise in the use of slaves during the 1500s and 1600s was caused by the
spread of plantation agriculture
the most important change made in science during the Scientific Revolution was the practice of forming conclusions based on
when tariffs are placed on goods,
people are discouraged from buying the goods
a major change in Europe's economy during the Commercial Revolution was the development of a standard
system of money
the Portuguese established colonies or trade in every place EXCEPT
which was NOT a result of the Columbian Exchange?
the enslavement of Africans began
The balance of trade centered around the exchange of slaves, molasses, sugar, rum, cotton, and liquos among the continents
Joint-stock companies helped make exploration more financially practical
christopher columbus never realized that his voyages had not reached Asia
believed that a capitalist society would split into two economic classes
Scottish economist wo wrote The Wealth of Nations
American inventor of the cotton gin
English landowner who invented a seed drill that made it possible to plant seeds in straight rows
era of rapid industrial development that began in Great Britain
at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, Great Britain had land, capital, and labor conditions called the
factors of production
the use of automatic machinery to increase production is called
the last stage of socialism, which is characterized by a classless society, is called
alternation periods of prosperity and economic decline are known as the
negotaiation between labor unions and employers is called
who patented the modern steam engine?