5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- elite theory
- political issue
- majority rule
- policy gridlock
- a A fundamental principle of traditional democratic theory. In a democracy, choosing among alternatives requires that the majority's desire be respected.
- b A theory of government and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that an upper-class elite will rule, regardless of the formal niceties of governmental organization.
- c A condition that occurs when no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy. The result is that nothing may get done.
- d An issue that arises when people disagree about a problem and a public policy choice.
- e The institutions and processes through which public policies are made for a society.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The channels or access points through which issues and people's policy preferences get on the government's policy agenda. In the United States, elections, political parties, interest groups, and the mass media are the main linkage institutions.
- A principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities and allows that they might join majorities through persuasion and reasoned argument.
- All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue. The most common, but not the only means of political participation in a democracy is voting. Other means include protest and civil disobedience.
- According to John Kingdon, "the list of subjects or problems to which government officials, and people outside the government closely associated with those officials, are paying some serious attention at any given time."
- Goods, such as clean air and clean water, that everyone must share.
5 True/False Questions
politics → According to Harold Lasswell, "who gets what, when, and how." Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues.
policymaking system → The process by which political problems are communicated by the voters and acted upon by government policymakers. The policymaking system begins with people's needs and expectations for governmental action. When people confront government officials with problems that they want solved, they are trying to influence the government's policy agenda.
representation → The institutions and processes through which public policies are made for a society.
individualism → A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened. Hyperpluralism is an extreme, exaggerated, or perverted form of pluralism.
hyperpluralism → A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened. Hyperpluralism is an extreme, exaggerated, or perverted form of pluralism.