monotheism quiz vocabulary

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vocabulary on christianity, judaism, and islam

torah

Main sacred writing in judaism

places of worship

synagogue, temple, shul (a place where people go to pray and worship

hanukkah

holiday that celebrates victory/miracle from ancient times

bar (or bat) mitzvah

a ceremony where a child becomes an adult in the jewish religion

yom kippur

holiday, day of atonement - reflect and ask forgiveness(one of the most holy holidays)

abraham

a man who lived 4,000 years ago and founded judaism

rosh hashanah

holiday celebrating the jewish new year

10 commandments

the laws that god gave to moses (who was a prophet) to give to the people

talmud

sacred writing of all the commandments/laws

monotheistic

Any religion that believes in one God.

3 branches of judaism

All follow the moral/ethical teachings on Judaism. Orthodox (most strict in performing historic traditions), Conservative (middle - follow or adapt many historic traditions), Reform (least strict in performing all the historic traditions)

passover

The story of how Moses freed the Jewish people from slavery, refers to how the angel of death passed over the Jewish people during the last of the 10 plagues.

rabbi

Spiritual leader "teacher"

sabbath

Every week from Fri night - Sat night - day of rest & worship

cantor

Leads and reads the chant & songs during a service

star of david

A Jewish symbol

church

Place of worship and prayer

pope

Spiritual leader of the Catholic church

jesus christ

Christians believe that Jesus is God's son. Starts the Christian faith through his teachings.

cross

Christian symbol, reminds Christians of Jesus death and resurrection.

baptism

Ceremony that welcomes people into the church through water.

communion

Ceremony that remembers the Last Supper and involves bread and wine representing body and blood of Jesus Christ.

easter

Holiest holiday for Christians. It celebrates Jesus's death and resurrection.

resurrection

Someone who is brought back to life from death.

confirmation

Adults or young adults 'confirm' their choice to be Christian.

bible

Sacred writing in Christianity

old and new testament

Parts of the Bible Old Testament - Jewish sacred writings New Testament - stories of Jesus's life and early Christians.

christmas

Holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ.

trinity

Three parts of God - Father, Son & Holy Spirit

three branches

Orthodox Catholic Protestant

five pillars

1. Testify belief in only 1 God 2. Pray 5 times a day 3. Give charity to the poor 4. Fast during Ramadan
5. Trip to Mecca once in lifetime

allah

Name of God in Islam

aqiqah

Baby naming ceremony, traditionally you give charity in honor of baby.

arabic

language that Qu'ran is written in

eid-al fitr

3 day festival at the end of Ramadan - is a time to spend with family

imam

Leader of prayer during service

ka'bah

Holy mosque located in Mecca

mecca

Holy city, Muslims face towards Mecca when they pray

mosque

Place where people go to pray and worship

muhammad

Founder of Islam, prophet (messenger for God)

qu'ran

Sacred writing in Islam

ramadan

Holiest holiday, fast for month (dawn-sunset), is a time of reflection

shari'ah

A sacred writing that gives guidelines about behavior

two branches of islam

Sunni & Shiite - split occurred because of different beliefs of who should lead the church.

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