Cold War

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Joseph Stalin

Name means "man of steel." Lenin believed him to be a dangerous man.

Winston Churchill

British Prime Minister during WWII. He declared his nation would never give in.

Communism

Private property does not exist and all goods and services are shared equally.

United Nations

International peacekeeping organization founded in 1945 to provide security to the nations of the world

Iron Curtain

During the Cold War, the boundary separating the Coomunist nations of Eastern Europe from the mostly democratic nations of Western Europe.

Truman Doctrine

A US policy anncounced by President Truman , giving economic and military aid to free natios threatened by internal or external opponents.

Marshall Plan

US program of economic aid to European countries to help them rebuild after WWII.

Cold War

State of diplomatic hostility between the United States and Soviet Union in the decades of WWII

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization, defensive military allianced formed in 1949 by ten Western European counties, the United States and Canada.

Warsaw Pact

Military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and seven Eastern European countries

Mao Zedong

One of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party.

Jiang Jienshi

Feared the Communists' goals of creating a socialist economy, modeled after the Soviet Union

Commune

In Communist China, a collective farm on which a great number of people work and live together.

38th Parallel

Dividing line between North and South Korea

Douglas MacArthur

Commander in WWII for the United Sates and occupied Japan during the reconstruction of the nation.

Ho Chi Minh

Leader of the Indochinese Communist party that led revolts against the French.

Domino Theory

The idea that if a nation falls under Communist control, nearby natiosn will also fall under Communist control

Vietcong

A group of Communist guerrillas who with the help of North Vietnam, fought against the South Vietnamese in the Vietnam War.

Third World

During the Cold War, developing nations not allied iwth either the United States or the Soviet Union

Nonaligned Nations

The independent nations that remained neutral in the Cold War pompeitition between the USA and the USSR.

Fidel Castro

Tried to overthrow the dictator and then ruled as a dictator for over 40 years.

Ayatollah Khomeini

Exiled from his country and later returned to rule it with a militant Islamic flare.

John F. Kennedy

US President that battled against Castro in the Cuban Missile Crisis

Lyndon Johson

Congress allowed this president to send in US troops to fight in Vietnam.

Richard Nixon

Created a policy of lessening Cold War tensions. Impeached as president becuase of watergate

SALT

The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks; a sieries of meetings in the 1970s, in which leaders of the US and the USSR agreed to limit their nations stocks of nuclear weapons

Ronald Reagan

Fiercely ani-Coomunist president that increased defense spending and put economic and defense pressure on the USSR

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