a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
allowed all citizens to introduce a bill into the legislative and required members to take a vote on it
the allocation of legislative seats
the power to reject particular parts, or items, of a bill
the act of removing an official by petition
A proceeding in which a criminal defendant is brought into court, told of the charges in an indictment or information, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
a formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offense
(criminal law) a negotiation in which the defendant agrees to enter a plea of guilty to a lesser charge and the prosecutor agrees to drop a more serious charge
a document incorporating an institution and specifying its rights
non-elected government officials
a line of argument rationalizing the course of action of a government
The power to keep executive communications confidential, especially if they relate to national security.
Agreements with other countries that do not need senate approval
Marbury v. Madison
established concept of judicial review, first time supreme court declared something 'unconstitutional'
Slave of army surgeon who sued for his freedom after he argued that he became free when he lived in a free territory.
Brown v. Board of Education
court found that segregation was a violation of the Equal Protection clause "separate but equal" has no place
Plessy v. Ferguson
sumpreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal