any form of sexual contact or exposure without consent, or in circumstances in which the victim is incapable of giving consent. Sexual abuse of adults is usually referred to as sexual assault or rape.
the infliction of mental anguish (e.g., threatening, humiliating, intimidating, and isolating)
the withholding of financial support or the illegal or improper exploitation of funds or other resources for one's personal gain.
Characterized by relatively minor incidents, such as pushing, shoving, and verbal abuse. During this time, the victim often ignores or accepts the abuse for fear that more severe abuse will follow. Abusers then rationalize that their abusive behavior is acceptable.
Acute battering stage
the abuser releases the built-up tension by brutal beatings. Severe injuries can and do result.
characterized by kindness and loving behaviors. The abuser, at least, initially, feels remorseful and apologetic and may bring presents, make promises, and tell the victim how much she or he is loved and needed.
the intentional intimidation, abuse or neglect of children, adults or elders by a family member, intimate partner or caretaker in order to gain power and control over the victim
those who initiate violence, often consider their own needs to be more important than anyone else's and look toward others to meet their needs.
the family member upon whom abuse is perpetrated
a situation that puts stress on a family with a violent member
Nurses are legally mandated to report suspected or actual cases of child and vulnerable adult abuse.
consists of measures taken to prevent the occurrence of abuse. Identifying individuals and families at high risk, providing health teaching, and coordinating supportive services to prevent crises are examples of primary prevention.
involves early intervention in abusive situations to minimize their disabling or longterm effects
often occurs in mental health settings, involves nurses facilitating the healing of rehabilitative process by counseling individuals and families, providing support for groups of survivors, and assisting survivors of violence to achieve their optimal level of safety, health and well-being.