5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Critical thinking
- Standard deviation
- a a research strategy in which a researcher directly manipulates one or more factors (independent variables) in order to observe their effect on some behavior or mental process (the dependent variables; experiments therefore make it possible to establish cause-and-effect relationships.
- b the most frequently occurring score in a distribution; it is the simplest measure of central tendency to determine.
- c thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions. Rather, it examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions.
- d the average amount by which the scores in a distribution deviate around the mean. Because it is based on every score in the distribution
- e repeating the essence of a research study, usually with different participants in different situations, to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- precise statements of the procedures (operations) used to define independent and dependent variables.
- an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts observations.
- is the tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our beliefs and behaviors.
- all the cases in a group, from which samples may be drawn for a study.
- a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion.
5 True/False Questions
Placebo → an inert substance or condition that is administered as a test of whether an experimental subjects who mistakenly thinks a treatment
Illusory correlation → a statistical measure that indicates the extent to which two factors vary together and thus how well one factor can be predicted from the other. Correlations can be positive or negative.
Mean → the arithmetic average of a distribution, obtained by adding the scores and then dividing by the number of scores.
Scatterplot → a depiction of the relationship between two variables by means of a graphed cluster of dots.
Hindsight bias → a testable prediction