5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Hindsight bias
- Critical thinking
- Experimental condition
- a a statistical measure that indicates the extent to which two factors vary together and thus how well one factor can be predicted from the other. Correlations can be positive or negative.
- b the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it. (Also known as the I-knew-it-all along phenomenon.)
- c the condition of an experiment that exposes participants to the treatment, that is, to one version of the independent variable.
- d a testable prediction
- e thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions. Rather, it examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next.
- involves observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate or control the situation.
- a descriptive research strategy in which one person is studied in great depth
- the middle score in a distribution; half the scores are above it and half are below it.
- the false perception of a relationship between two events when none exists.
5 True/False Questions
Survey → a measure of variation computed as the difference between the highest and lowest scores in a distribution.
Standard deviation → the average amount by which the scores in a distribution deviate around the mean. Because it is based on every score in the distribution
Independent variable → the factor being manipulated and tested by the investigator.
Range → a measure of variation computed as the difference between the highest and lowest scores in a distribution.
Random assignment → a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion.