Chapter 13 Terms: The Presidency

14 terms by allisonfitts

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Twenty-second Amendment

passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to 2 terms of office

impeachment

the political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the Constitution; the House of Representatives may do this to the president by a majority vote for "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."

Watergate

the events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement , leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment

Twenty-fifth Amendment

passed in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president to become acting president if both the vice president and the president's cabinet determine that the president is disabled

cabinet

a group of presidential advisers not mentioned in the Constitution, although every president has had one; composed of 14 secretaries and the attorney general

National Security Council

an office created in 1947 to coordinate the president's foreign and military policy advisers; its formal members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, and its managed by the president's national security assistant

Council of Economic Advisers

a three-member body appointed by the president to advise the president on economic policy

Office of Management and Budget

an office that grew out of the Bureau of the Budget, created in 1921, consisting of a handful of political appointees and hundreds of skilled professionals; performs both managerial and budgetary functions, and although the president is its boss, the director and staff have considerable independence in the budgetary process

veto

the constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons for rejecting it; a two-thirds vote in each house can override

pocket veto

a veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of having submitted a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it

presidential coattails

the situation occurring when voters cast their ballots for congressional candidates of the president's party because they support the president

War Powers Resolution

a law passed in 1973 in reaction to American fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia that requires presidents to consult with Congress whenever possible prior to using military force and to withdraw forces after 60 days unless Congress declares war or grants an extension; presidents view the resolution as unconstitutional

legislative veto

the ability of Congress to override a presidential decision; although the War Powers Resolution asserts this authority, there is reason to believe that, if challenged, the Supreme Court would find this in violation of the doctrine of separation of powers

crisis

a sudden, unpredictable, and potentially dangerous event requiring the president to play the role of manager

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