oldest religion dating to 2000BC; developed in India
release from the cycle of rebirth and suffering
nomadic people who invaded the Indus Valley
collection of hymns that came from the Aryans
ancient city dig where Hindu religion is found
some see as God; others believe as a power beyond all description
the soul of individuals; some think it is identical to Brahman; others believe not part
cycle of birth, death, and rebirth
believe that there is more than one life--after you die, you are reborn
actions by individuals during their life. good actions take you closer to a better rebirth.
a person who believes in more than one god
one of three main Hindu gods; the preserver; has 10 incarnations--different forms which he appears in the world.
an important Hindu god who in the trinity of gods was the Destroyer
sacred Hindu animal and are not killed for beef; used for milk, butter, and dung for fuel.
mischievous god who acted as a cowherd
cowgirl who loved Krishna
represents male behavior
represent female behavior
the least significant of the 3 main gods; the creator
wife of Shiva;
son of Shiva and Parvati; worshiped at the start of a new journey as he removes obstacles; beheaded by Shiva and given an elephant's head
goddess of Shiva's destructive side; slays demons with a sword
Shiva's fierce and powerful wife; destroyer of evil
four main social groups described in the scriptures
physical exercise for self-discipline
behavior necessary to maintain the natural order of the things.
discipline of action; working hard to fulfill dharma
discipline of devotion; offering love and prayer to a personal god.
discipline of knowledge; studying
discipline of mind; practice of mental self-control including meditation
the sacred sound-symbol or mantra for Brahman
River in India sacred for pilgrimage or having ashes spread after cremation
festival celebrated at the Hindu New Year. Festival of Lights
yearly festival to celebrate Rama's victory of Ravana
longest poem related to the struggle of ruling families that contains the Bhagavad Gita