The use of words having sounds that suggest their meaning or which imitate the sound associated with them.
The repetition of similar vowel sounds, usualy close together, in a group of words. It is used to please the ear and to emphasize certain words. It is a mainly poetic devise.
The repetition of identical consonant sounds that are preceded by different vowel sounds.
The repetition of similar sounds, usually consonant clusters, in a group of words. Although most aliteration occurs at the beginning, it can occur within words as well.
A figure of speech in which an animal, or object, a natural forse, or an idea is given personality, or describing as if it here human.
A rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry.
The repetition of word-ending sounds; specifically, the repetition of accented vowel sounds plus any succeding sounds.
Language that appeals to any sense or any combination of senses. Most imagery tends to be visual in nature, but imagery may also suggest the way things sound, smell, taste, or feel the touch.
A writer's choice of words, particularly for clarity, effectiveness, and precision. A writer's diction can be formal, informal, abstract or concrete. In choosing "the right word," writers must think of their subject and their audience. Words that are appropriate in informal language would not always be appropriate in a formal essay.
The author's attitude, stated our implied, toward a subject or audience. It is revealed through choice of words and details. Words to describe attitudes including these: serious, bitter, humerous, sympathetic, indignant, whimsical, joyous, mocking, cynical, and ironic.
A poem that tells a story.
A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are dirrectly compared, usually with the words 'like' or 'as'.
A comparison between two unlike things with the intent of giving added meaning to one of them. They can be implyed or stated.
A reference in one work of literature to a person, place, or event in another work of literature or in history, art, or music.
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to emphasize strong feelings or to create comic or satiric effects.
Verse written in unrhymed lines if iambic pentameter, where each line usually contains two sylables and every other syllable is stressed. It is the principle English meter, the pattern used in some of the greatest English poetry, including the tragedies of William Shakespeare and the epics of John Milton. It is appropriate for long poetry with a serious theme.
Poetry that has no fixed meter or patern.
The arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllable into a patern. It gives poetry a certain musical quality.
A group of lines forming a unit in a poem. Many of these have a fixed patern- that is, the same number of lines and the same rhyme scheme.
Usually, a stanza or poem of 4 lines. It may also be a group of 4 lines unified by a rhyme scheme.
A generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry. It is usually measured in units called feet.
A stanza of three lines wherein the first and third stanza usually rhyme. It is sometimes is called a triplet.
Two consecutive lines of rhyming poetry that are written in iambic pentameter and that contain a complete thought.
A fourteen-line lyric poem consisting of 3 quatrains and a concluding couplet.
A fourteen-line lyric poem consisting of 2 parts: the octave and the sestet.
Monosyllabic rhyme or rhyme that occurs only in stressed final syllables.
Rhyme involving 2 syllables wherein the stress is on the first syllable.
Standard Poetic Feet
iamb: unstressed, stressed
trochee: stressed, unstressed
dactyl: stressed, unstressed, unstressed
anapest: unstressed, unstressed, stressed
spondee: stressed, stressed
A long narrative poem that relates the deeds of a folk hero. They incorperate myths, legends, folk tale, and history, and usually reflect the values of the societies from which they origionate.
The analysis of a line of poetry into feet and meters.
The first eight lines of a Petrarchan sonnet. The rhyme scheme is often abbaabba.
The patern of rhymes in a poem.