Key Terms, People, and Places

22 terms by carlfcds

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6th grade SS

loess

Fine windblown dust that can form soil.

staple crop

The major crop that is the basis of the diet.

Nomadic herders

People that herd and do not stay in one place.

arable land

The land that can be used to grow crops. In China, only 15% of the land is arable.

One-child Policy

Act in China that allows people to have only 1 child in the city and sometimes 2 children in the countryside.

Dynasty

A ruling family that holds power for many years.

Confucianism

Based on the ideas of Confucius. The goal is to act according to one's role in society, and honor family.

Daoism

Philosophy of seeking the natural way of the universe. The goal is to follow the dao--which is the rhythm of the universe. They studied nature to harmonize with it's rhythm.

Buddhism

Based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha. The goal is to become free of the pain and suffering of the world.

Command Economy

An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.

Market Economy

People and individuals make decisions about the economy.

famine

severe food shortage

Shi Huangdi

Emperor during the Qin dynasty, created uniform written language and connected parts of the great wall.

Siddhartha Gautama

The founder of Buddhism

Chiang Kai-shek

Leader of the nationalist party in China

Mao Zedong

Leader of the communist party, and introduced the great leap forward

great leap forward

Mao wanted China to produce more steel. As a result many people died of hunger.

Beijing

capital of China

Plateau of Tibet

The world's largest plateau in west China.

Mongolia

a landlocked socialist republic in central Asia

Yangtze River

the longest river in China

Huang River

Yellow River

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