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acropolis

high part of city, an "upper city"; a common feature of ancient Greek cities; an elevated site for religious observances

agora

the marketplace in ancient Greece

gymnasium

place for training

stadium

long racing track

theater

large gathering place in greek

democracy

people rule

phalanx

large group of soldiers that are on foot with stuff

city-states

is an independent or autonomous entity whose territory consists of a city which is not administered as a part of another local government.

helots

did all the work in greek

bard

..., a poet, often a singer as well

list 4 facts about sparta

was the first city_state

2

philosers and foreigners were not welcome

3

at age 7 boys began training

4

most men didntknow how to write or read

athens facts

city state that was the greatest cultrul center

2

at age 7 they were trained to be good citizens

3

idea of democracy was developed there

4

at age 18 boys became citizens after they took a pledge

aesop

Greek slave wrote fables

Phoenician alphabet

Alphabet developed by the Phoenicians that became the model for later Western alphabets.

Romulus and Remus

rome was named after them

homer

a blind poet

julias caesar

crossed the Rubicon

zeus

the Greek god who was honored by the Olympics

patricians

were from wealthy families

senate

the oldest and wisest elders in rome

Augustus Caesar

first emperor of Rome

hannibal

general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War; crossed the Alps and defeated the Romans but was recalled to defend Carthage and was defeated

Daniel

man that said there would be a empire that was like iron

plebians

common people

weather

can change from day to day

snow line

where their is snow all year

precipitation

rain sleet snow

climate

weather conditions over a region

tropics

torrid zone

temperature zone

neither cold or hot

torrid

means schorching

timber line

a point were trees dont grow

highlands

the climate on mountains

the culture that influenced the romans

greek

all roads lead to rome

the romans built a system of roads that led to rome

dictator

a person who rules

language of rome

latin

pax roma

the 200 years of peace at the beginning roman empires.

punic wars

A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage a city in north africa

carthage

destroyed bt romans

pergamum

first Asian provenience

rome

city of seven hills

alps

Europe's highest mountains

aqueduct

a pipeline or channel built to carry water to populated areas

atrium

the central area in a building

census

official count of the population

concrete

used to provied strenght to buildings in rome

salt

they put it around carthsge

polycarp

christian leader arested

huss

found Wycliffe writing and got convinced that the bible is the truth

waldo

had the bible translate who lived in the alps

luther

The founder of Protestantism whose religion, based on 95 Theses, rejected Catholic orthodoxy, the sale of indulgences, and papal authority.

paul

first great missinour to christine

constatine

let the chris go free

Wycliffe

translated the bible from latin to english

manor

land owned by the lord

knights

trained warrior for a lord

moat

A deep ditch around a castle, usually filled with water

fall of rome

event that began the middle ages

hermits

monks that lived alone

serfs

promised to work for lords

pilgrimage

a journey to a holy place

protestan reformation

a religious movement in the 1500's that split the christian church in west europe and led to the establishment of a number of new churches

printing press

invented by Johann Gutenberg in 1454; first book was Gutenberg Bible

95 theses

Arguments written by Martin Luther against the Catholic church. They were posted on Octobe 31, 1517.

captain cook

the greatest explorer of his time

william Shakespeare

one of the greatest writers of all time

sir walter Raleigh

Englishman who tried to start the colony of Roanoke in America

George Whitefield

preacher who drew large crowds during the great awakening

James Watt

created the steam engine

Socrates

Came up with the method of asking questions to prove statements

John Cabot

explored the New England coastline of the americas for england

Robert Raikes

1780- First Sunday School, Gloucester, England. Started because kids were getting in trouble on the weekends

Florence Nightingale

Founder of modern nursing

Winston Churchill

leader of Great Britain during WWII

Sir Frances Drake

First englishman to sail around the world

Sir Christopher Wren

architect who helped rebuild London after the great fire

largest country in the world??

Russia

Europe

Only cotinent with no large desert.

Caspain Sea

World's largest lake?

Rhine River

Europe's most important inland waterway?

Alps

Europe's largest mountain system?

Mt. Elbrus

Highest spot in Europe?

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