5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Battle of Jutland
- Short Range Causes of World War I (Immediate--See Sheet)
- Hussein-McMahon Correspondence (1915)
- Meiji Restoration
- Battle of Meuse-Argonne (1918)
- a a series of letters exchanged during World War I, between Husayn ibn 'Ali, emir of Mecca, and Sir Henry McMahon, the British high commissioner in Egypt. In general terms, the correspondence effectively traded British support of an independent Arab state in exchange for Arab assistance in opposing the Ottoman Empire.
- b Enormous but inconclusive naval confrontation between the German and British navies in the North Sea. 25 ships and 8,000 sailors were lost with the British suffering the worst casualties; German fleet returned to its anchorage and never left port again
- c • Franco-German dispute over control of the provinces of Alsace-Lorraine
• Disintegration of European Turkey
• Bosnian Crisis of 1908
• The fragility of European politics
- d American offensive in coordination with British and French assaults along the German line which eventually broke through, resulting in the immediate request for peace by Germany
- e the political revolution that brought about the fall of the Tokugawa shogunate and returned control of the country to direct imperial rule under the emperor Meiji, beginning an era of major political, economic, and social change
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Controversial British commander on Western Front; the force behind the failed offensives during the battles of the Somme and Passchendaele
- A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined.
- leader of the Social Democratic movement in Germany and a moderate socialist, who was a leader in bringing about the constitution of the Weimar Republic,
- The heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne; he married a commoner, which caused a great deal of controversy; assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia
- Series of relentless German assaults on a network of French forts astride the road to Paris, designed to bleed the French Army white. Although a tactical French victory, the casualties were horrendous (over 700,000)
5 True/False Questions
Battle of Masurian Lakes → The failed Allied invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula of Turkey along the Dardanelles strait that followed an unsuccessful attempt by the Royal Navy to breach Constantinople
Nine-Power Pact → Signed by the United States, Great Britain, Japan, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Belgium, and China, this agreement affirmed China's sovereignty, independence, and territorial integrity and gave all nations the right to do business with it on equal terms. In a related treaty the nine powers established an international commission to study Chinese tariff policies
Lateran Treaty, 1929 → pact in which Britain and Russia settled their colonial disputes in Persia, Afghanistan, and Tibet. It delineated spheres of influence in Persia, stipulated that neither country would interfere in Tibet's internal affairs, and recognized Britain's influence over Afghanistan.
Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928 → multilateral agreement attempting to eliminate war as an instrument of national policy. It was the most grandiose of a series of peacekeeping efforts after World War I.
Anglo-Japanese Naval Treaty, 1902 → alliance that bound Britain and Japan to assist one another in safeguarding their respective interests in China and Korea. Directed against Russian expansionism in the Far East, it was a cornerstone of British and Japanese policy in Asia until after World War I.