language that describes concepts instead of images; theoretical, not practical
in an argument; attack on the person rather than the person's ideas
A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning
repetition of initial consonant sounds
a reference in a work without directly pointing it out
ex. i hate that i have no children yet, husband!
Allusion to the fact that the husband sucks in bed
basis for comparison of two different items
story told by the writer or character to illustrate a point, usually amusing
word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers
presentation of two contrasting images
consecutive harsh sounds
like "a apple" is a cacophony, thats why they say "an apple"
___________ expressions are informal words, phrases, and sentences that are generally more appropriate for spoken conversations than for written essays
So, basically slang... for example, to great your friends you might say: "Hey guys!" but to great your teacher you might say "Hello, sir.
inclusion of humor to contrast with tragedy
elements that help create coherence (forming a whole)
the way a word is interpreted
process of moving from a generality to something specific
literal or dictionary meaning of a word
writing for the purpose of instructing or purpose
discussion on a specific topic
"..." Three periods used in a sentence or something
ex. I hate life... lol
use of a quote at the beginning of a work to infer the theme
pleasant way of saying something inappropriate or uncomfortable
pleasant presentation of sounds
background information presented in a work
a comparison that is extended through a stanza or entire poem, often by multiple comparisons of unlike objects or ideas
extreme, funny exaggeration
process of moving from specifics to a generalization
takin the facts, makin a big picture
conclusion drawn from details
the audience knows something that the character doesn't
when the opposite of what is believed to happen happens
when the opposite of what is meant is said
process of reasoning
mistake in reasoning
direct comparison of different things
speech given by one character
a theme often used in a literature piece
ex. "it was the classic 'boy gets girl' type book
words that sound like what they represent
a combination of two contradictory words
"jumbo shrimp" "cruel kindness"
movement of a literary piece from one point to another
an appeal to emotion in order to persuade
describes writing that borders on lecturing
main clause is at the end of the sentence
reductio ad absurdum
the logical fallacy of extending ones argument to ridiculous proportions and then criticizing the result
reducing the original text into it essential parts
figure of speech that uses a part as a representative of the whole
ex. Cleveland won by six runs
^Cleveland implies the baseball team, not the state
grammatical structure of prose and poetry
integrating sources into the development and support of a writer's thesis/claim
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