AP English Terms you may not know

47 terms by biggyd811 

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#realtalk

abstract

language that describes concepts instead of images; theoretical, not practical

ad hominem

in an argument; attack on the person rather than the person's ideas

allegory

A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning

alliteration

repetition of initial consonant sounds
ex. bubububa

allusion

a reference in a work without directly pointing it out
ex. i hate that i have no children yet, husband!
Allusion to the fact that the husband sucks in bed

analogy

basis for comparison of two different items

anecdote

story told by the writer or character to illustrate a point, usually amusing

antecedent

word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers

antithesis

presentation of two contrasting images

cacophony

consecutive harsh sounds

like "a apple" is a cacophony, thats why they say "an apple"

colloquial

___________ expressions are informal words, phrases, and sentences that are generally more appropriate for spoken conversations than for written essays

So, basically slang... for example, to great your friends you might say: "Hey guys!" but to great your teacher you might say "Hello, sir.

comic relief

inclusion of humor to contrast with tragedy

connective tissue

elements that help create coherence (forming a whole)

connotation

the way a word is interpreted

deduction

process of moving from a generality to something specific

denotation

literal or dictionary meaning of a word

didactic

writing for the purpose of instructing or purpose

discourse

discussion on a specific topic

ellipsis

"..." Three periods used in a sentence or something
ex. I hate life... lol

epigraph

use of a quote at the beginning of a work to infer the theme

euphemism

pleasant way of saying something inappropriate or uncomfortable

euphony

pleasant presentation of sounds

exposition

background information presented in a work

extended metaphor

a comparison that is extended through a stanza or entire poem, often by multiple comparisons of unlike objects or ideas

hyperbole

extreme, funny exaggeration

induction

process of moving from specifics to a generalization

takin the facts, makin a big picture

inference

conclusion drawn from details

invective

abusive language

dramatic irony

the audience knows something that the character doesn't

situational irony

when the opposite of what is believed to happen happens

verbal irony

when the opposite of what is meant is said

logic

process of reasoning

logical fallacy

mistake in reasoning

metaphor

direct comparison of different things

monologue

speech given by one character

motif

a theme often used in a literature piece

ex. "it was the classic 'boy gets girl' type book

onomatopoeia

words that sound like what they represent

oxymoron

a combination of two contradictory words
"jumbo shrimp" "cruel kindness"

pacing

movement of a literary piece from one point to another

pathos

an appeal to emotion in order to persuade

pedantic

describes writing that borders on lecturing

periodic sentence

main clause is at the end of the sentence

reductio ad absurdum

the logical fallacy of extending ones argument to ridiculous proportions and then criticizing the result

summary

reducing the original text into it essential parts

synecdoche

figure of speech that uses a part as a representative of the whole

ex. Cleveland won by six runs
^Cleveland implies the baseball team, not the state

syntax

grammatical structure of prose and poetry

synthesis

integrating sources into the development and support of a writer's thesis/claim

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