5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- What would be necessary for stability in a hierarchic system?
- What are some of the successes of the MTCR?
- What were the three factors that made the US presence in Asia unjust?
- What is Cossa's assessment of The US's strategy towards China?
- What bedrock assumptions do all forms of realism have in common? What assumptions distinguish them from one another?
- a --a) Hegemonism based on an obsolete Cold War politics
b) the self-interested desire of the US to contain China's growth, rather than share or concede power where it is appropriate (as in the case of East Asia)
c) Cultural imperialism, or the belief the Western way must have ascendancy over all other ways.
This can all be boiled down to the fact that the US just wants to undermine long term regional stability for the selfish desire to maintain its own leadership even though conditions are no longer conducive to that.
- b -- Hypothetically, a system with an unequal distribution of power should have more stability, because the relative capabilities will be clearer to all states in the system.
-- The strong will have no need to fight, and the weak will have no desire to fight.
- c a. Its partners have persuaded most major suppliers of missile technologies to control responsibly their missile related exports.
b. It has reduced the number of countries with MTCR-class programs. Examples are Argentina's Condor missile program, and missile programs in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and the Slovak Republic. Currently, it is working on getting Bulgaria to terminate its missile program.
c. They have helped halt numerous shipments of proliferation concern
d. They have worked extensively to increase awareness of the global missile threat among transhipment centres and other MTCR partners.
- d -- The system is anarchic, great powers possess some offensive capabilities, no state can be certain of others' intentions, survival is the primary goal, and actors are rational.
- e -- U.S strategy toward a rising China seems based on the premise that China can, and wants to, play a constructive role in the emerging new world order.
5 Multiple choice questions
- • Benign: militarily incapable of aggressive behaviour, restrained by interest in development, and adaptation to international society
• Aggressive: sometimes bellicose behaviour, lack of transparency, idea that rising powers like to assert their influence
o China as a revisionist power, not closely wedded to the international order; many territorial, cultural and status grievances against it
o Classic model of Authoritarian modernization; unrestrained by democracy, vulnerable to nationalism and militarism, plus aggressive behaviour and continued historical hatred of neighbours (Japan)
- • China's relationship with the region settled into a mix of unilateral bellicosity (Taiwan & S. China Sea), increasingly comfortable and skilled use of multilateral forum such as ARF to support regional voices still concerned about excessive US influence in the region
• came out well from the economic crisis and strengthened its position against Japan
- -- It is possible to theorise that if a dominant state does not face any threats and is satisfied with the status quo in the system, it would not feel the need to pursue empire.
-- Furthermore, a satisfied or status quo dominant state would not cause fear and balancing among the secondary states.
- -- Buck-passing is most attractive in a balanced multipolar system because, with roughly equal capabilities, each great power individually can hold off an aggressor, and is therefore capable of accepting the buck.
-- In an unbalanced system, when one state is markedly more powerful than its neighbours, those neighbours are too weak to accept the buck, so everyone will have a strong common interest in balancing against the powerful state.
- -- A hierarchic world is one that involves a dominant power that still operates in anarchy, but does not cause other nations to balance against the largest power in the system, and does not fold them under its wing in empire.
-- In contrast to balance of power, a hierarchic perspective sees equality as most dangerous, because two roughly equal states may need to resort to war to determine which state is dominant.
5 True/False questions
How can Libya be seen as the confirmation of the new arms control and the nail in the coffin of the old? → a. Like Iran, its pursuit of a nuclear weapons program went undetected and thus undeterred by the NPT.
b. Libya was assisted not directly by states but by non-state actors in its pursuit of nuclear materials.
How does Karl address these pessimistic arguments? → Karl argues, that exactly this fact will lead to small and well manageable nuclear arsenals. It will also make counterforce capabilities risky because it might not be sufficient to deliver a decisive blow to the enemies nuclear facilities.
In regards to arms control, what was accomplished in the Clinton administration? → - Increased complexity of political landscape
- Tension and arms race in certain regions increased.
- WMD proliferation to rouge nations and groups
- 1990s climax of arms control
- Setback by Bush's emphasis on unilateral approach to security
Buzan claims there are striking similarities between India and China. What are they? Why is the value in making such connections? → • Both hold strongly realist perspectives towards their regions and the wider world
• both locate themselves in a historical self-perspective as great and ancient civilizational centres to which other peoples traditionally came for trade and enlightenment, but which themselves were not usually militarily expansive outside their region
• both have been sensitized by colonial experiences which leads to stronger nationalism
• both give high value to the autonomy of the economy, foreign policy, military capability
• both are moving towards a more liberalized economy despite strong anti-capitalist traditions
• both see US as a key threat but pragmatic enough to align with it on some matters
• both favour multipolar international systems
• IMPORTANCE: These deeply rooted and shared features make both India and China likely to be essentially Westphalian great power players in Asian security.
What are some criticisms directed towards the IAEA and the NPT in general? → a. That there are serious flaws in its methods of monitoring and verification.
b. That it lacks the funds to adequately safeguard the growing supply of potential bomb-grade nuclear material, or to detect in time when these such supplies are being diverted towards use in weapons manufacture.
c. It's data regarding minimum requirements for weapons manufacture is obsolete, creating many loopholes for countries to potentially exploit.
d. Equipment and facilities are also obsolete, making monitoring even more difficult.
e. It is noteworthy that significant reforms have been made to address these problems.