← Security Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- What were the signs in the 90s that East Asia may be returning to the hierarchic system?
- What bedrock assumptions do all forms of realism have in common? What assumptions distinguish them from one another?
- Why did the Baruch plan fail?
- What does the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) require from its signatories?
- What role has APEC played in East Asian security issues?
- a a. The Soviets suspected it as an underhanded attempt by the US to monopolize nuclear technology, and as a way to invalidate the USSR's veto power in the UN. Before the USSR would subscribe to such a proposal, they demanded that the US complete disarm first.
b. Western Europe too was sceptical of the plan.
c. China, however, was willing to entertain the plan and even brought it to a vote.
- b -- The late 1990s saw the re-emergence of a strong and confident China, continuing Japanese reluctance to assert itself internationally, the increasing stabilisation of Vietnam, the establishments and consolidation of postcolonial states in Southeast Asia, and soon perhaps, a unified Korea.
Lack of balancing against China
- c -- The system is anarchic, great powers possess some offensive capabilities, no state can be certain of others' intentions, survival is the primary goal, and actors are rational.
- d a. The CWC is in essence a call for the total disarmament of chemical weapons. It requires its signatories therefore to have eliminated all chemical weapons, and complete transparency regarding chemical weapons facilities, technologies, etc., within 10 years. Verification measures are also very severe, allowing inspectors much leeway in their intrusiveness, and allow short-notice inspections.
- e -- APEC provides a useful venue not only for the promotion of free trade but also for fighting the war on terrorism
-- We can expect that Washington will continue to be an active player.
-- It will remain more suited to talking about security problems than to actually helping to implement the solutions.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Time-lag, which results from making the decision to use nuclear weapons and their assembly, prevents precipitant reactions.
This concept my well work in peacetime but loses power as tension increase. This leads to an "Attack-on-warning" dilemma.
3rd World countries don't have the same technical capabilities as Cold War parties, which makes it impossible for them to be in a state of permanent alert. This leads to a reduction of the nuclear threat if one compares 3rd World countries to the Cold War powers.
- • Security Regime: does not imply harmony amongst neighbours; conflict exists but the actors agree to deal with it. Some agreement on the status quo amongst the great powers, desire to avoid war, states are rational
• Conflict Formation: are the conditions and variables within a region that lead to conflict/war
- • insulating qualities of its geographical size and diversity
• the presence of great powers within Asia
- -- U.S strategy toward a rising China seems based on the premise that China can, and wants to, play a constructive role in the emerging new world order.
- -- International institutions are essentially irrelevant because they merely reflect state interests and policies and do not exert any independent effects on the struggle for power.
5 True/False Questions
How can arms control during the Cold War be divided into two phases? → enhanced the importance of the regional security complex (as opposed to global importance)
• Before end of the Cold War there were three RSCs which merged into two after the collapse of the USSR.
• China was the main benefactor of the greatly reduced level of penetration in the area
• SE Asia also benefited from the withdrawal of the superpowers as the area moved away from a conflict formation zone towards and ASEAN based regional security regime.
Why is it unlikely that East Asia (and thus Asia in general) will develop from a conflict formation into a security community in the foreseeable future? → • no state, external (US) or internal has the power to overlay the region
• China lacks the coercive ability and the civilization attractiveness it once possessed
• China has negative soft-power
• Asia has too many substantial powers within it to allow one power to dominate
What is the requisite NIC for the acquisition of nuclear weapons? → The requisite NIC profile for a weapons proliferator, according to Hymans, is an "oppositional nationalist" who combines intense enmity to-ward an external rival and intense pride in his/her own state's ability to challenge the external foe. Oppositional nationalism, he argues, thrives on the explosive mixture of fear and pride, emotions that link national identities with foreign policy choices.
What are some modern signposts that justify the fears East Asia has regarding the militarization of Japan? → During the Cold War the Japanese developed naval and air forces to counter the Soviet threat. The Japanese defence budget is large in absolute size. Japanese weapons are technologically advanced. High-grade nuclear fuel shipped to Japan from France in the 1990s means that Japan can make nuclear weapons whenever it wants.
How is the new proliferation pessimism similar to optimistic proliferation? → Cold War logic is applicable to new proliferant countries, i.e. 3rd World leaders are rational actors who fear 2nd strike retaliation.
Deliberate wars are less likely to occur. However, accidental wars are more likely to occur. (The latter is not part of optimistic proliferation.)