Agriculture

Growing crops and/or raising animals; synonym is farming

Alloy

Mixture of metals

Bronze

Metal alloy made of copper and tin

City

Large, advanced human settlement

Domesticate

Tame or adapt animal or plant for human use

Invent

Create or make for the first time

Irrigation

Supplying dry land with water by using ditches, canals, technology, etc.

Productivity

The number of units produced or grown compared to time or space

Revolution

Rapid and/or important change

Surplus

Extra; more than needed

Specialization

Jobs which are different or more advanced than basic farming, hunting, etc.

Civilization

An advanced society with organized government, religion, writing, science, art, etc.

Ancient

Very old; usually before 476 AD

Adapt

Adjust or change to meet new conditions

Archaeologist

Person who digs for and studies artifacts

Artifact

Ancient object made and/or used by humans

Effect

What happens as the result of a cause

Evolution

Slow or gradual change

Neolithic Age

New Stone Age

Paleolithic Age

Old Stone Age

A.D.

Anno Domini - the years AFTER the BIRTH of Jesus

B.C.

The years before the BIRTH of Jesus

Bipedal

Two-footed

Cause

To make something happen

Century

Period of 100 years

Circa (c.)

An approximate date

Decade

Period of 10 years

Evolve

To change slowly

Historian

Person who studies and writes about the human past

Hominid

Two-footed mammal which walks upright (like humans or human-like creatures)

Millenium

Period of 1000 years

Nomad

Person with no permanent home who moves around seeking food and resources

Technology

Tools and machines, and the skills knowledge and methods of using them

Tool

An object made and/or used by humans to perform a task

C.E.

Common Era; same as A.D. (after the birth of Jesus)

B.C.E.

Before Common Era; same as B.C. (before the birth of Jesus)

Australopithecus

1st hominid; bipedal; walked upright

Homo Habilis

1st hominid toolmaker; used very simple tools for cutting, crushing, scraping, et cetera

Homo Erectus

1st multienvironmental hominid; very adaptable; used fire and made clothes and more advanced tools

Homo Neanderthalus

Neanderthal; large-brained and muscular; 1st to bury dead and care for sick

Homo Sapiens

Cro-Magnon; modern humans; most advanced brains; developed advanced language, art (cave painting), and technology

4,000,000

Approximate number of years ago that Australopithecus existed

Zero

Year that Jesus was born

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