drama standard grade

238 terms by Africa123 

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concepts

accent

way of speaking used in a local area or country

pace

speed of speech or movement

volume

loudness or quietness of the voice

clarity

clearness of the voice

emphasis

stress on a word or phrase

pause

a break in speaking, period of silence

pitch

how high or low the voice is

tone

change of voice to express emotion

articulation

clear pronunciation of words

fluency

natural, flowing speech

intonation

rising and falling of voice in speech

register

appropriate speech for the person being spoken to or for the situation

body language

messages given by the position or movement of the body

facial expression

look on face which shows emotion

gesture

movement of the hand or arm which communicates a meaning or emotion

posture

position of the body-how it is held

balance

keeping an even distribution of weight

timing

speaking, moving or pausing at exactly the right moment

positioning

placing of actors on stage

rhythm

movements which follow a pattern or beat

stance

attitude or position of the body

characterisation

the process of fully developing a character

role-play

a means of exploring attitudes and beliefs

improvisation

before presentation

hot-seating

questioning a character in role

voices in the head

recall of words said by others about a character or situation

thought tracking

An aid to characterisation: the character speaks their thoughts out loud

thought tunnel

character(s) walk past other characters who comment on their situation

dance drama

a drama presented through dance moves

mime

stylised form of movement which creates an illusion of reality

monologue

a character speaks their thoughts aloud

movement

use of the body as a means of communication

musical

drama which includes song and/or music

pantomime

Christmas theatrical entertainment usually based on a fairy tale

comedy

a drama which is funny/comical

tragedy

a drama about unhappy events and with a sad ending

docu-drama

a documentary style drama, including reconstructions of events

forum theatre

the audience suggest changes to a drama in order to effect outcomes

flashback

acting out an event in the past

flashforward

acting out a future or imagined event

freeze frame

the action is frozen in time

frozen picture

foundation word for Tableau

tableau

a stage picture, held without movement

slow motion

movement performed at a slowed down speed

narration

part(s) of the drama are told as a story by a narrator

voice over

recorded speech played during a drama

aside

a remark to the audience only

soliloquy

a single lengthy speech, made when no other characters are on stage

costume

clothes worn by actors for their character

LFX

short way to write lighting effects

make-up

worn by actors for their character

props

short for properties - objects used by an actor

SFX

short way to write sound effects

staging

the position of the acting area relative to the audience

end on

Audience seated at one end - acting area at the other

theatre in the round

Audience seated all around the acting area

thrust

Audience seated on three sides of the acting area

proscenium arch

Stage within an enclosing arch

Pyrotechnics

stage fireworks

avenue

Audience seated on two sides of the acting area

promenade

Audience follows the action on foot, moving from one location to another

form

The overall style of a drama

structure

Way in which time, place and action are sequenced

theatre arts

The collective name for lighting, sound, costume, props, make-up and set

tension

Build up of excitement

audience

people watching a drama

auditorium

The area for the audience, generally filled with seats

blocking

Deciding where and when actors will move on stage

crossfade

To change from one lighting cue to another with no blackout in between, or to change from one sound cue to another with no silence in between

cyclorama

The back wall of the stage which can be painted or lit

masking

One actor unintentionally preventing another from being seen by the audience

playwright

Person who has written the play

rake

Slope of stage (to allow actors to be seen)

safety chain

Used to attach a lantern to the lighting bar for safety

g-clamp

Clamp used to secure lantern to lighting bar or stand

tabs

curtains

apron

area of stage in front of the curtain

stylised

using rules of a particular style, often not realistic

acting

playing a part

action

events in a drama

actor

person playing a part

adopt

take on

atmosphere

feeling created by environment; scenery, sound or lighting

backcloth

canvas cloth which covers the back of the stage, can be painted

backstage

non-acting area behind the stage

balcony

area of seating above the stalls and circles

barn doors

Adjustable metal flaps attached to the front of a fresnel spotlight for shaping the beam of light

blackout

The acting area is not lit, The lighting/sound is faded out slowly
The lighting/sound is faded out quickly Blackout is achieved instantly

blacks

drapes which curtain of sides or back of stage, usually made of heavy black fabric

brainstorming

sharing and listing a large number of ideas

business

all actions on stage

character

specific person in a drama

communicate

tell, put across

conflict

struggle, fight, argument

content

what is in the drama, subject matter

contribute

offer suggestions, help to bring about

conventions

alternative ways of presenting parts of a drama

creating

The process of developing a drama's content and roles through practical exploration, experimentation and problem solving

cue

A signal for an actor to do or say something, or for a lighting or sound effect to begin or end

dance

artistic expression through movement

deadline

date or time by which a task must be finished

develop

make more detailed, build on, expand

dialect

way of speaking peculiar to a particular local area

dialogue

A conversation between two or more characters

diction

speaking clearly so that words can be understood by the audience

directing

organising, taking responsibility for interpreting a drama

drama

representation of life created through acting

dramatic irony

Actions or remarks whose significance is not realised by all the characters

circle

areas of seating above stalls and below balcony

dress rehearsal

a final rehearsal of a drama with all the theatre arts

effective

having an effect, achieving what was wanted

emotion

feeling

enhance

add to, improve

evaluate

To judge the strengths and weaknesses of a drama

enter

to come on stage

exit

To leave the acting area

experiment

try out

fade up/down

brighten or dim lighting

fade in/out

lower or raise volume of sound

filter

coloured polyester sheet used for stage lighting

flat(s)

Wooden frames, joined together and covered with canvas, which can be painted

flies

Area above the stage from where scenery/actors are flown in on pulleys

flood

Lantern giving a wide spread of light

floorcloth

canvas floor covering (sometimes painted)

focus

Key moment, scene, character, relationship or event in a drama

focussing

Positioning the lanterns to get the desired lighting

focus on

look closely at

follow spot

Powerful profile used to follow actors around the acting area

fresnel spot

Lantern giving a soft edged beam of light

front of house

any job in the theatre which involves dealing with the audience e.g. box office, refreshments, usher

gauze

See-through material which cannot be seen through when lit from

gel

Film placed in front of a lantern to change the colour of the beam

gobo

Thin metal plate cut out in a pattern and placed in a lantern to project pattern or shape into the acting area

green room

separate area where actors wait when not on stage

ground plan

Bird's eye view of the set showing what is on the set, entrances/exits and the position of the audience

group

more than two people

grouping

how actors are positioned, relative to each other

improvised drama

anything created and acted out by an individual or group

individual

one person

interaction

way in which characters behave towards one another

issue

point in question, matter for discussion

justify

back up, prove with evidence

key

Explanation of symbols on a ground plan

key moment

one of the most important parts of a drama

lamp

bulb for lantern

language

means of communications, through spoken or written words

lantern

stage light

lighting desk

control board for operating lanterns

lighting grid

bar used to suspend stage lanterns

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