Final Exam Review: Constitution Handbook/Government Unit

Created by clrrobertson Teacher

POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY

The principle that says our government is ruled by the people.

REPUBLICANISM

People exercise their power by voting for elected leaders

LIMITED GOVERNMENT

Everyone, even government leaders are required to follow the law & abide by the Constitution

FEDERALISM

Power is shared between federal & state governments

SEPARATION OF POWERS.

Government roles are divided between three branches

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

makes the laws; 2 houses of Congress

EXECUTIVE BRANCH

enforces the laws

JUDICIAL BRANCH

interprets the laws

CHECKS AND BALANCES

Each branch has ways to control the other branches

FREEDOMS OF 1st AMENDMENT

freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition.

DUE PROCESS

all proper procedures (warrant, valid search, fair trial etc.) must be followed before a person is punished.

5th AMENDMENT

The amendment that your life, liberty & property cannot be taken away without due process of law

6th AMENDMENT

right to an attorney & an impartial jury in a criminal trial.

4TH AMENDMENT

Use of writs of assistance by British customs officers in the 1770s led to this amendment being passed which prohibits illegal searches.

BILL OF RIGHTS

The first ten amendments to the Constitution

INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

protected by Bill of Rights

FREEDOM OF SPEECH

In a democracy, citizens are allowed to disagree with their government officials and openly express their opinions

ARTICLE 6

This Article of the Constitution states that the Constitution and all national laws shall be the Supreme (or highest) law of the land.

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

made up with 435 members; representation based on population

SENATE

100 members; equal representation

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