God's gift of friendship
Greek word meaning "placing two things side by side to compare"
vivid pic drawn from ordinary life that has surprising ending
moral teaching/ means "happiness"
ruled Galilee during Jesus' time
to change one's mind
God is beyond our reach.
an exaggerated saying
a fallen angel
the disordered desire for inordinate enjoyment of sexual pleasures
"I believe" or "I agree"
Kingdom of God
the active presence of God's love, truth, justice, and salvation working in world
eternal separation from God
formal declaration of promise
Do to others whatever you would have them do to you.
Sermon on the Mount/Beatitude
Mt. 5-7 summary of Christian behavior
includes beatitudes and other Christian summaries
learn about prayer and almsgiving, if we are angry, etc
Parables to Know
why did Jesus teach in Parables?
made it easier to understand b/c of surprising ending. Thus He used parables to teach.
close up view of Holy Land at time of Jesus- focus on this!!
3 regions at time of Jesus in Holy Land
Galilee, Judea, and Samaria
Jesus grew up where?
city's headquarters in Jesus' ministry
Jesus born in?
What place did the Samaritans worship?
Most of Jesus' apostles were from
region capital city was located
Jesus' first miracle took place where?
lowest spot in Holy Land area
Differences from Synoptics
No parables. new characters and more mystical long discourses, no exorcisms
sources of John
written oral traditions
• Prologue: highlights the theme of the Gospel
• Book of Signs: Miracles and their teachings
• Book of Glory: explanation of Jesus' Passion, Death, and Resurrection
• Epilogue: differences between Jesus' newly resurrected body and his former one (resurrection appearances)
most important sign
Resurrection of Lazarus
Light of the World
Jesus is the beacon of truth who points us to his Father.
Jesus is the way to God's kingdom, heaven.
Jesus loves each of us and has surrendered his life for us. He is the Messiah who watches out for his flock.
Resurrection and Life
Jesus has power over death. Belief in him leads to eternal life.
an experience of union with God
Way, truth, and life
This summarizes the Word's purpose for joining us; he is the way to God
John calls Jesus that.
Greek word for "word"
Christology from above, below
John starts with Jesus as divine but then becomes flesh.
3 persons in one God
characteristics or traits
without beginning end or end
God is beyond our understanding and beyond our reach.
his loving and watchful guidance over us and all of creation
Ecumenical Council of Nicea
doctrine of Trinity was defined and Nicene Creed was issued.
another name for HS
God with us.
in Hebrew is Adonai
means one who protects from future danger
Mystery of faith
a truth about God that is always beyond human understanding
Images of God
Bible shares with us a variety of pix of God
God's inner life
nature or essence
the distinction btwn the members of the Trinity
relationship btwn the Persons of the Trinity
within the same substance
how God as the Trinity interacts with us and creation
Divine Missions of the Trinity
sanctification: Holy Spirit
symbols for the Trinity
images used to try to express the images of the Triune God
the angel Gabriel told the virgin Mary that she was to become the mother of God's Son....
something that pts beyond itself to something else
Mary taken body and soul to heaven
from the moment of Mary's conception in the womb of her mother, she was preserved frm Original Sin.
Mary remained a virgin for life.
core teaching of Catholic Church
means that through the guidance of the Holy Spirit, the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception is totally free from error
forgiving our sins
building up of Church
Gifts of HS
seven spiritual gifts we receive at Baptism and Confirmation
gifts that result from Spirit living in us
holy person living in presence of God
teaching authority of Church
Symbols of HS
fire: burning bush, purification
water: life and creation even death
oil: healing purifies us and joins us with God
laying of hands: healing touch
tongues of fire: ability to speak
dove: purification, gentleness, virtue, and peace
4 Marian Dogmas
Immaculate Conception, ever-virgin, Assumption, Mary Mother of God
records of the human ancestors of Jesus
MT tracing genealogy thru Abraham
Luke to Adam
language that Jesus spoke
to choose btwn right and wrong
the ability to reason, learn and grow in knowledge
the inducement to sin and promise of good
first five bks of OT
a deed or event that cannot be explained by ordinary human intervention or natural force
Son of Man
title Jesus used to refer to himself both human and divine conotations
Jesus used those verses in Isaiah to refer to Himself
Jesus charged against this
Importance for us to look on nonbiblical sources
to show and object evidence that Jesus was real and the events at the time of Jesus really happened
4 kinds of miracles
physical, raising of the dead, nature, exorcism
pattern of miracle stories
intro, display of faith, response, result, reaction
Alpha and Omega
the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet
bishops, theologians from early Church whose writings have greatly contributed to writing practice
highly respected teacher of Jewish law
a mediator btwn God and humanity
Which grp based in Jerusalem
cared for the Temple practices and worship in Jerusalem
strict observer of law
Jesus had apostle from this grp
Jewish court of law
hated the Romans and violently wanted to overthrow them
first three letters of Jesus in Greek
Jesus Christ, Son of God, and Savior
the Anointed One
denied divinity of Jesus
Jesus' divine nature absorbed human nature (think one nature mono= one)
Jesus has two persons, and Mary is mother of only human Jesus.
Father of Orthodoxy
denied the humanity of Jesus saying Jesus did not become human
Jesus gave certain ppl secret knowledge
statement of belief
Council of Nicea
called to combat Arianism
mtgs of bishops of the world to discuss particular issue or heresy
Created in the Image of God
wat makes us unique
free will (detailed)
power rooted in reason and will to perform deliberate actions
the role of caretaker given by God to care for creation
Principles of Catholic Teaching
most important: Life and Dignity of the Human Person
all human beings deserve dignity.
do not have to know
essential quality of being human
no one has right to violate dignity
the sum of all conditions that allow ppl to reach their potential
the Christian virtue of social charity and friendship
the fallen state of human nature in which is passed down from us
an offense against God
Where Paul was from
Paul studied to be
Pharisee and rabbi
present at which st's martyr
first letter Paul wrote
convo with God
out loud prayer
formal prayer in which we acknowledge God
form of prayer in which we thank God for what we have
pray to God in own words
a form of prayer or petition for the sake of others
prayer where the mind focuses on God
silent wordless prayer in which the mind rests on God
talk with Jesus in the mind
the study of Christ
Bread of Life
Jesus gives true life, eternal life. By receiving the Eucharist, he lives in us.
Jesus is the source of life; we must remain attached to Him.
word used for miracles in John
"infleshment"- literal meaning/means that God assumed a human nature in order to accomplish our salvation- the saving of the soul from sin and all consequences/what our goal is
Glory of God
beginning and end of all creation
manifestation of God thru nature
means that God is without any limits
the belief in one god
the belief in many gods
Hebrew word that means breath
name Jesus used to call God the Father
outpouring of the HS on the disciples after Easter 50 days after Passover
the study of the existence or the attributes of God
our sins are forgiven, we can enter into a right relationship with God
Fruits of the HS
charity and joy
modesty and self-control
Pliny the Younger
asked for advice on how to deal with the "superstition" practices by Christians
mocked Christian faith
Mara bar Serapion
wrote a letter to his son that is about Jesus as "Wise King"
convinced ppl that Jesus is the Messiah
wrote about earthquake and darkness at Jesus' Death
made false charges against Jesus
mentioned a certain "Yeshu" who performed magic
Nero burned his own city, Rome and blamed it on the Christians. Their originator, Christ, had been executed in Tiberius' reign by the governor of Judea, Pontius Pilate. They called it "superficious and shameful" b/c they believe it was cannibalism (Last Supper).
not a believer of Jesus Christ
commonly thought of as one who predicts the future as Jesus' prediction about the destruction of the Jerusalem/"a person who represents God"
called by the Magi who visited Him after His birth
expected a priestly ruler who would reform worship in Jerusalem
are the first two letters of Greek word for Christ: identifies Jesus as the Messiah
Lamb of God
the lamb sacrificed at the Passover was a symbol of salvation from slavery
our creed- written at Nicea in AD 325 was endorsed and expanded at the First Council of Constantinople (AD 381)/contains the essentials of the Christian faith
the quality of being worthy of esteem and respect
means "making up for what is lacking in another"
no one has the right to take dignity away even if you did a crime that is terrible, you still have the right to dignity
the inclination to sin
reforming our hearts, minds, and wills
to ask God for favors
a type of petition prayer in which we ask God to forgive our sins
How Jesus Taught Us to Pray
- Pray with others
○ Jesus wants us to pray with others.
○ He said, "Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there I am in the midst of them."
- Pray with faith
○ Perseverance in prayer will move mtns
○ We must trust in our loving God-believe he will respond to our prayer
Pray with a Forgiving Heart
- Jesus instructed to approach God with a loving spirit. If they had a grievance with someone, they were to settle it first.
- This is still important advice for us today. Our hearts and minds cannot properly focus on God if they are full of anger
When, where and how to Pray
When to Pray
- Any time of day is a good time for prayer if it works for you.
- Set aside a specific time
- In the morning, before bedtime, at a break in the day
How to Pray
- Alert and relaxed
- Hard to pray when we are tense or distracted
- Relaxation techniques and appropriate body posture important
- Don't be discouraged by not "feeling" an immediate result from praying. Prayer often requires perseverance.
Where to Pray
- Anywhere, but good to find a special place where we slow down, relax
- A school chapel, your bedroom, a quiet place in a park
Main Christological Controversies
Church councils clarified teachings about Jesus
With the guidance of the HS, the church issues statements about our beliefs so that they remain true to what has been handed down b the Apostles
Early heresies developed that were not consistent with the faith handed down by the Apostles
Heresies: false teachings
Church issued statements to clarify what Catholics should believe
During the first 5 C, the Church Fathers helped clarify Church teaching about Jesus and the Trinity
St. Cyril of Alecandria
St. Leo the great
These were important bishops, theologians, teachers, and scholars whose writings have greatly contributed to the Church doctrine and practice.
1st 800 yrs
Is Jesus really human?
Docetism held that Jesus only appeared to be human
A form of Gnosticism- Jesus shared a secret knowledge with only a few close friends.
Gnostics denied Jesus' humanity and therefore his Resurrection
The Gospel of John answered Docetism by telling us that the Word became flesh and dwelt among us
St. Irenaeus defended orthodoxy (true and established teaching) against Gnostic beliefs in his book Against Heresies.
Is Jesus really God?
Arianism: 3C AD Arius taught that Jesus was not God, but only the greatest of creatures, whom God adopted as his son
Threatened the unity of the Christian faith
Vigorously combated by St. Athanasius a at the Council of Nicaea in AD 325
Condemned as a heresy at the council
The teaching of St. Athanasius and the fathers of the Council of Nicea was upheld at the second ecumenical council- at Constantinople in Ad 381
Because of the leadership of St. Athanasius, he is called the "father of Orthodoxy"
How many persons are in Christ?
Nestorius, the Patriarch of Constantinople, taught that there were two persons in Jesus- one human and the other divine
Christ is one person with 2 natures- both human and divine
Nestorianism: Mary was only the mother of the human Jesus, and should, therefor, not be called the "mother of God"
St. Cyril of Alexandria defended the truth of Mary's title as Theotokos- Greek for "God -Bearer"
Council of Ephesus in Ad 431=431 Nestorians was denouced as heresy
Images of God as Father
- OT tells us a great deal about God. More than just the Creator, God established a relationship of love with us, his creation.
- Creation did not happen by accident. God directed creation thru divine providence- his watchful guidance over us and all of creation
- God works thru secondary ways. God permits but doesn't control our every move. As we're walking thru the road of life, we have two options: evil or good by giving us obstacles like bad music.
Abba means Daddy
God is also...
○ pure spirit- not limited to time and space
○ immutable= unchangeable= His perfection and love are unwavering
○ Supremely Holy= surpassing everything and everyone
○ Personal- alive and the source of all life. God loves and cares beyond limit.
God as Mother
loving, nurturing, understanding, trustworthy, good advisor, good listener, always there, comforting
- "God is Father, and even more, he is Mother." John Paul I
- Isaiah 66:13
- Isaiah 49:15
- Luke 15:8-10
- Matthew 23: 37