Final Exam Review: Government under the Articles of Confederation

Created by clrrobertson Teacher

text basis Ch. 8

CONFEDERATION

loose union of states

ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

The first constitution for the United States of America.

PROBLEMS UNDER THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

trade issues, a rising number of debtors, and Shays' Rebellion; eventually leading to the Constitutional Convention

The NORTHWEST ORDINANCE

set up how territories would be settled in an orderly manner, how they would be governed & how they would become equal states.

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OR PRESIDENT

Under the Articles of Confederation there was no ____because the Americans feared that a leader would become a tyrant like King George III.

DISADVANTAGES OF ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

difficult to settle disputes between states; no federal courts; trade was difficult; each state printed its own money

SHAY'S REBELLION

was a revolt by farmers in Massachusetts who could not pay their debts or taxes & believed they were treated unfairly. Courts were threatening to imprison debtors & the farmers rebelled over these economic issues. The federal government had no power to stop the rebellion because it had no national army.

STATE GOVERNMENTS

The had the most power under the Articles of Confederation.

TAX

Under the Articles of Confederation the federal government had no right to ____ people's money so it had no income to pay off debts.

1787; PHILADELPHIA, PA

The Constitutional convention occurred in the year_____ and took place in the city of _____

JAMES MADISON

was known as the Father of the Constitution because he contributed many ideas and took notes on all the proceedings.

VIRGINIA PLAN

Prepresentation based on population; favored by large states

NEW JERSEY Plan

Representation is equal for all states; favored by small states

GREAT COMPROMISE

plan consist of 2 houses of Congress House ( representation based on population) and Senate (equal representation)

FEDERALISTS

James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton were _____who wanted the Constitution to be ratified and wrote newspaper essays called the Federalist Papers to persuade others to approve the Constitution.

LEGISLATIVE

branch that writes the laws,

EXECUTIVE

the branch that enforces the laws,

JUDICIAL

the branch that interprets the laws.

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