Integumentary System Term 3

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45 terms

energy

power that may be translated into motion o effecting physical change, the ability to work. Animals obtain energy from the diet, primarily from carbohydrates, proteins and fats.

kilocalorie

the unit of measurement for dietary energy, abbreviated Cal or kcal

metabolizable energy

the amout of utilizable energy contained in a food, the energy that the animal actually absorbs and doesn't excrete

MER

the amount of energy required by a moderately active adult

digestibility

the proportion of a food that can actually be digested

palatability

tastiness of a food, all factors that lead an animal to be willing to eat a food

protein

biological macromolecule composed of amino acids, used as enzymes, as structural components of tissues, and for energy

carbohydrate

biological macromolecule composed of one or more moosaccharides, important energy source especially for herbivores

fat

triglyceride, biological macomolecule composed of glycerol and fatty acids, important energy source especially for carnivores

mineral

small, inorganis nutrient required in small quantities in the diet, used for various functions i the body

vitamin

organic nutrient required in small quatities in the diet, used for various functions in the body

essential amino acid

amino acids required in the diet, vary between species

essential fatty acid

fatty acids required in a diet

orogastric tube

flexible tube passed through the mouth, down the esophagus and in to the stomach, used for assisted enteral feeding and other purposes

nasogastric tube

flexible tube placed through the nostril, down the esophagus, and into the stomach, used for assisted enteral feeding and other purposes

TPN

total parenteral nutrition; provision of adequate nutrients to maintain the animal for several weeks via IV or other noneneric routes

anorexia

lack or loss of appetite for food

obesity

excessive accumulation of fat in the body, increase in weight far beyond that desirable with regard to age, height and bone structure

preservative

substance added to a food to destroy or inhibit multiplication of microorganism

weaning

separation of the young from the mother, discontinuation of mother's milk as the primary diet

dry matter

material remaining after all water has been removed from a food

a/d

anorexia diet

c/d

cystitis diet/crystal diet

d/d

dermatitis diet

g/d

geriatric diet

i/d

intestinal diet

h/d

heart diet

k/d

kidney diet

l/d

liver diet

n/d

neoplasia diet

p/d

pediatric diet/power diet

r/d

reducing diet

s/d

stone diet/struvite diet

t/d

tooth diet/tartar diet

u/d

urinary diet

w/d

weight control diet

z/d

...

CV

cardiovascular formula

DCO

diabetes, colitis, and obesity formula

EN

enteric formula

GH

geriatric high calorie formula

GL

geriatric low calorie formula

NF

nephrology formula

OM

obesity management formula

UR

urinary formula

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