Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean that was established in 1948. It was defended from invasion by it's Jewish inhabitants during wars in 1948, 1956, 1967 and 1973.
Arabs who lived in the area formely called Palestine, now Israel.
The scattering of people who have a common background or beliefs.
A person who has to leave their country or homeland to find safety.
Palestinian Liberation Organization
Political party and organization that has fought for Palestinian rights. originally it utilized violence including terrorist tactics and guerrilla warfare. However, it is not a legitimate political organization that has rejected violence. PLO
Anwar El Sadat
President of Egypt recognized Israel's right to exist and made peace with Israel. He was assassinated by extremists in his own nation for making peace with Israel.
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel.
Former head of the PLO. He was originally hostile to Israel but changed his way of thinking in the early 1990s.
The Israeli prime minister who agreed to grant the Palestinians their own land. In 1995 he was killed by Jewish extremists.
West Bank & Gaza Strip
Territories occupied by Israel that were turned over to greater Palestinian control in the 1990s.