First major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) in December 1943 between FDR, Churchhill, and Stalin in Iran at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War
President Truman, Churchill and Stalin met to complete the postwar arrangements started at the Yalta Conference but the leaders could not agree on anything
The period of political tnsion following WWII and ending with the fall of Communism in the Soviet Union at the end of the 1980s.
A major component in the Post-WWI Stalinization of Eastern Europe. Cutting off the opposition one slice at a time, often by accusing of Nazi collaboration. Popular fronts, Communists get at least interior ministry, police and try to be in charge of dispensing spoils. Especially prevalent in Hungary and Bulgaria.
1)Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West.
2) a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism.
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology.
Policy of Containment
A plan to keep something, such as communism, within its existing geographical boundries and prevent further aggressive moves
The process of elimintation Stalin's more ruthless policies
Idea that if one country falls to communism, neighboring countries will also fall
Line that divided Korea - Soviet Union occupied the north and United States occupied the south, during the Cold War.
Demilitarized zone. The dividing line between North and South Vietnam established in 1954 at the Geneva Convention.
A phase of relazing tensions and improved relations between two adversaries
Fundamental restructuring of the Soviet economy; policy introduced by Germany
"openess", aimed to open Soviet society by introducing free speech and some political liberty, ending party censorship. This is a huge break with the past and very successful. (Basically is no longer communsim).
In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989.
The blockade was a Soviet attempt to starve out the allies in Berlin in order to gain supremacy. The blockade was a high point in the Cold War, and it led to the Berlin Airlift.
Having a part in or sharing in something
Palestinian Liberation Organization; formed in 1964 with the purpose of creating a homeland for Palestinians in Israel
a war fought in June, 1967, between Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria, in which Israel captured large tracts of Arab territory
Yom Kippur War
This was a war fought by Israel and neighboring Arab nations where the Arabs launched a surprise attack during Yom Kippur. U.S. support for Israel during the war led to OPEC boycotting the U.S., creating an energy crisis.
Camp David Peace Accords
Israel agreed to give the Sinai Peninsul to Egypt, in exchange, Egypt would recognize Israel as a country
An agreement in 1993 in which Israeli prime minister Rabin granted Palestinian self-rule in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
"uprising," militant movement that arose during the 1980s among supporters of the Palestine Liberation Organization living in Israel
A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews. It's also the capital of Israel
Ethnic group that lives in parts of Iraq and Turkey. They often suffer persecution in both countries, and are currently under the protection of the United Nations in Iraq.
al - Qaeda
a network of Islamic terrorist organizations, led by Osama bin Laden, that carried out the attacks on the US embassies in Tanzania and Kenya in 1998, the USS Cole in Yemen in 2000, and the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001
Great Leap Forward
Started by Mao Zedong, combined collective farms into People's Communes, failed because there was no incentive to work harder and drought caused lack of agricultural growth, ended after 2 years
Campaign in China ordered by Mao Zedong to purge the Communist Party of his opponents and instill revolutionary values in the younger generation.
a mass movement of civilians, mostly students and other young people in the People's Republic of China, who were mobilized by Mao Zedong between 1966 and 1968, during the Cultural Revolution.
Little Red Book
A book circulated throughout China during the reign of Mao Zedong, which contained his political philosophy for China. It was required reading in all schools.
A wall poster written in large characters in China. Used for protest and propaganda
Indian religious minority
state in northwestern India with a largely Sikh population
an area in southwestern Asia whose sovereignty is disputed between Pakistan and India
a Muslim republic in southern Asia bordered by India to the north and west and east and the Bay of Bengal to the south
a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
Gulf of Tonkin
an arm of the South China Sea, bounded by the coasts of southern China and northern Vietnam. Its chief port is Haiphong. An incident in 1964 led to increased U.S. military involvement in the area. President Lyndon B. Johnson incorrectly claimed that North Vietnamese forces had twice attacked American destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition.
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
He served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, following the death of Joseph Stalin, and Chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1958 to 1964. He was responsible for the De-Stalinization of the USSR, as well as several liberal reforms ranging from agriculture to foreign policy.
Kim II - Sung
created the Communist government of North Korea and has existed since World War II and ruled North Korea as a dictator today
Korean leader who became president of South Korea after World War II and led Korea during Korean War.
He was the supreme allied commander during the Cold War in 1945. After World War II, MacArthur was put in charge of putting Japan back together. In the Korean War, he commanded the United Nations troops. He was later fired by Harry Truman for insubordination.Allied commander and five star general in the U.S. army. He headed the U.S. army in Japan and Korea but was fired by Truman for questioning the actions of his superiors in the midst of the Korean war.
Seized power from Nikita Khrushchev and became leader of the Soviet Communist party in 1964. Ordered forces in to Afghanistan and Czechoslovakia.
as Soviet general Secretary of the Communist Party assumed power in 1985, he introduced political and economic reforms and then found himself presiding of the breakup of the Soviet Union
leader of Palestinian Liberation Organization or PLO which organized terrorist attacks on Israelis around the world. The goal of PLO was to rid Palestine of the state of Israel. However, he eventually became a peace advocate who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994. He also agreed to the Oslo Accords.
Leader of Israel who signed a peace treaty (the Camp David Peace Accords) with Egypt withdrawing from Sinai Peninsula and Gaza Strip and returning them to Egypt
President of Egypt; Carter invited Sadat and Israel's Menachem Begin to a conference at Camp David; the two signed an agreement that served as a step toward peace between Egypt and Israel.
Israeli Prime minister who signed the Oslo Accords with Yasser Arafat and Bill Clinton in Washington D.C. He was assassinated in 1995 for signing this treaty.
As president of Iraq, Saddam maintained power through the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) and the first Persian Gulf War (1991). During these conflicts, Saddam repressed movements he deemed threatening to the stability of Iraq, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively. While he remained a popular hero among many disaffected Arabs everywhere for standing up to the West and for his support for the Palestinians, U.S. leaders continued to view Saddam with deep suspicion following the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Saddam was deposed by the U.S. and its allies during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Osama bin Laden
Arab terrorist who established al-Qaeda (born in 1957)
This man became the leader of the Chinese Communist Party and remained its leader until his death. He declared the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 and supported the Chinese peasantry throughout his life.
Indian statesman. He succeeded Mohandas K. Gandhi as leader of the Indian National Congress. He negotiated the end of British colonial rule in India and became India's first prime minister (1947-1964).
Nehru's daughter and Prime Minister of India, she was assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards
1910-1997. Roman Catholic nun who founded Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India in 1950. Ministered to sick, poor, orphaned, and dying for over 40 years. Received Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. Beatified by Pope John Paul II in 2005.
Ho Chi Minh
1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight anti-comunist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it unwinnable
Ngo Dinh Diem
South Vietnamese president that was catholic and strongly opposed communism. His poor leadership and corrupt government spelled doom
Lyndon B. Johnson
the US president who privately wanted to stay out of Vietnam but sent soldiers because his goal was to stop the spread of communism