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Terms from the History Final Exam Study Guide. Tell me if I need to correct anything!

Imperialism

the policy of extending authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries or acquiring colonies

Jingoism

expressing patriotism loudly and excessively, favoring extreme preparedness for war

Nationalism

devotion and loyalty to one's nation

Isolationism

the policy of isolating a country from the affairs of other nations

Total War

the method of obliterating everything (used by Germany & Russia)

Wilson's Fourteen Points

Wilson's plan for peace after WW1

League of Nations

similar to UN, formed after WW1 to prevent anything like it

The Great Migration

from 1910-1920 over 500,000 African-Americans migrated North, starting an even larger migration

Harlem Renaissance

explosion of culture in the Harlem neighborhood after the Great Migration

Jazz

a popular art form, similar to Harlem Renaissance

Flappers

young women who showed their independence by drinking, smoking, and wearing shorter outfits

Sacco and Vanzetti

Italian anarchists arrested for murdering two people and stealing 15 grand, not given a fair trial because if the links to their anarchism group

Scopes Monkey Trial

ACLU wants evolution to be taught in schools and asks Scopes to teach evolution/creationism, causes a big case and the ACLU loses

Marcus Garvey (Garveyism)

invented a religion and solution to racism in the USA which included all African-Americans moving to Africa and kicking out the whites there

Fads and Escapism

trends and things done with newly found leisure time

Consumerism

buying things (mostly on credit) with new found leisure time

"Return to Normalcy"

Warren Harding's campaign slogan

"the business of America is business"

Coolidge's saying, less gov. in business

laissez-faire

hands-off government

Teapot Dome Scandal

Secretary of the Interior is caught selling the Navy's oil to big businesses

Palmer Raids

communism is feared in America and causes Palmer and J. Edgar Hoover to hunt down communists during the _________

Trickle - Down Economics

Hoover gives money to big businesses hoping they will employ more people and the money will eventually make its way to the common American

unregulated speculation

buying stock on credit, and then when the stock drops out people lose everything

industrial and agricultural overproduction

making to many of a product

Global Trade issues

Fordney-McCumber Act & Hawley-Smoot Tarriff

dust bowl

overuse of farmland combined with extreme drought and wind storm causes a _________, which multiplies the effects of the Great Depression in the Midwest

"rugged individualism"

Hoover's campaign slogan, hard work for Americans and less gov. in business

Reconstruction Finance Corporation

distributes half a billion to states, banks, & corps, created public works projects, but gave no aid to individuals

Banking Holiday

all banks closed for 10 days to be inspected for financial solvency

Hundred Days

crucial to America's survival in the Great Depression, includes bank holiday, first new deal, & new programs

First New Deal

provided relief for the hungry/jobless/homeless

Second New Deal

reform to prevent another Depression

Pump-priming

putting money into the economy during the Great Depression to stimulate it

Article 48

an article in German law saying that in an emergency the President can make a decision without the Congress

Enabling Act

takes power away from the Congress and gives it to the cabinet (Germany)

Rhineland

section of Germany bordering France, demilitarized after WW1 but Hitler re-militarizes it

Sudentenland

German land that was taken from Germany in WW1 and created Czechoslovakia

1938 Munich Agreement

conference with France, Germany, Italy, and England to appease Germany in fear of another world war

Blitzkrieg

lightning war

Allied Powers

UK, US, France, Russia (WW2)

Axis Powers

Germany, Japan, & Italy (WW2)

Winston Churchill

prime minister of UK during WW2

Stalin

communist leader of Russia

Roosevelt

president of US during Great Depression/WW2

Hitler

fascist dictator of Germany

Mussolini

fascist dictator of Italy

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