U.S. History Test Prep Final

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Which liberty is guaranteed by the First Amendment?

freedom of speech

The Supreme Court decision in the case of Roe v. Wade (1973) dealt with the issue of

abortion.

NAFTA Manufacturing Productivity graph would MOST LIKELY be used by one who

supports the North American Free Trade Agreement.

Which letter on this map represents the landing site of U.S. forces in the Korean War battle known as the Battle of Inchon?

B) Middle Left of Vietnam

The 'free exercise clause' of the First Amendment is intended to

allow people to worship as they see fit.

Why is the Harlem Renaissance of major importance in American History?

It brought the African-American experience into the cultural conscious of the country.

The Camp David Accords of 2000, overseen by President Bill Clinton, attempted to soothe the problems between Palestinian authorities and what country?

Israel

What is the MOST LIKELY explanation for this change?

Black players threatened to boycott the game.

Which event in history is seen by many people as the beginning of the Great Depression?

the Stock Market Crash of 1929

Which factor was a major cause of the stagnant economy in the United States during the early 1970s?

the increased prices for oil

Which of these would be the BEST title for the region marked "A" (in gray) on this map?

Not Controlled by a European Power

Which issue was dealt with by the 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution?

direct election of U.S. Senators

The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution issued by Congress on August 7, 1964, was instrumental in increasing U.S. activity in

Vietnam.

Which of these BEST describes the Salem Witch Trials of the late 1600s?

The witchcraft hysteria was short-lived with many people eventually being pardoned.

This map(German Forces and Allied Forces) represents which of these situations at the end of 1944?

the military engagement known as the Battle of the Bulge

Which of these have played the GREATEST role in the spread of information in the 21st century?

the internet.

In 1947 the Supreme Court ruled, in Mendez v. Westminster, that segregating children of "Mexican and Latin descent" was unconstitutional. This decision can be compared to

The Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education.

The MAIN reason the United States entered Word War II was

the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor.

The cartoon(of the Chinese) would have been MOST likely to have been published in

the late 1800s.

Which issue is reflected in these headlines?

extension of slavery

All of these issues and conflicts were made possible, and worse, by

the growing disparity in income in the United States.

Which U.S. president was responsible for each of these diplomatic and foreign policy developments of the late 70's?

Jimmy Carter

WWI Deaths chart seems to prove the point that

troops were not the only people affected by World War I.

The term "Reconstruction" as used in American History refers to

federal government intervention in the former Confederate states in order to monitor the treatment of former slaves.

What evidence supports the statement that Franklin D. Roosevelt was responsible for the GREATEST expansion of federal power in the 20th century?

the rapid expansion of government programs under the New Deal and mobilization for World War II

This 1921 poem became the signature verse for what famous American writer?

Langston Hughes

Which statement BEST explains the point of this passage by President Monroe?

Latin America should not be retaken by European countries.

What is the point of this cartoon*kids around FDR) from 1934?

The New Deal programs are purely the creation of FDR.

This movement was characterized by a belief that the U.S. national government under the Articles of Confederation was too weak, and that a stronger central government was needed.

Federalism

Which statement best describes a political theory of John Locke?

A government's power comes from the consent of the people.

What was the MOST LIKELY effect that this statement had in the northern states in the early months of the Civil War?

It resulted in thousands of men being drafted or volunteering for military service.

This cartoon was published in 1788. The identified columns represent

States in the Union.

Overproduction and underconsumption factored into causing the Great Depression by

causing falling prices on goods.

Which of these BEST describes the efforts of William Lloyd Garrison?

urged immediate emancipation of slaves in the United States.

Which presidential programs would Martin Luther King Jr. have supported MOST?

Lyndon Johnson's "Great Society" programs

The War of 1812 resulted in

the United States maintaining its previous strength.

Which World War II government agency was created to achieve this goal?

The Office of War Mobilization

What is the most likely explanation for the increase in federal government spending indicated by this graph?

New Deal Programs.

This quote from the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments closely follows the wording of the Declaration of Independence and was an important document in the early years of

the women's rights movement.

The Constitutional amendment that prohibited denying voting rights to people based on race or color is the

Fifteenth Amendment.

· Established by Congress on March 3, 1865
· Provided employment and medical assistance to former slaves
· Trained teachers and built over 1,000 schools
· Disbanded in 1869 due to a lack of success and funding

All of these are describing

the Freedman's Bureau.

· Tanks
· Machine guns
· Poison gas
· Flamethrowers
· Airplanes

These new military technologies resulted in a huge expansion of the military tactic known as trench warfare and made _______ the most deadly war up to that point in history.

World War I

In The Jungle Upton Sinclair exposed the filthy conditions that existed in the American meat-packing industry. His ground-breaking work also sought to

expose the disparity between America's rich and the working poor.

The mid-Atlantic colony of Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn PRIMARILY because of his

wish to found a logical, well-planned, religiously tolerant colony.

Which statement BEST describes American policy towards Native Americans at the end of the 19th century?

Most Native Americans were practically forced to relocate to reservations.

What was created to handle the financial needs and provide stability for the economy of the newly formed United States?

The First Bank of the United States

This photograph(poor villages) of an urban slum was taken in 1935. These slums were nicknamed after the U.S. President who was often blamed for the economic plight of the country during that period. Who was that President?

Herbert Hoover

One of the major effects of the introduction and widespread usage of Eli Whitney's cotton gin was that

the demand for slaves grew to keep up with the increased production.

Which term BEST describes the foreign policy of both President Harry Truman and President Lyndon Johnson?

containment

This law, which allowed territories to decide the fate of slavery based on popular sovereignty, unintentionally had the effect of increasing tensions between pro-slavery and antislavery forces as they rushed west and had violent clashes over control of territory. It was the

Kansas-Nebraska Act.

The first American political party to successfully have a President in office was the

Federalists.

Based on this chart(Comparing Sides in the American Revolution), British forces would have had a major disadvantage

getting their troops to specific locations.

The decision in Brown v. Board of Education addressed the issue of

segregation.

· The "Square Deal"
· "Trust-busting"
· The United States Forest Service
· The Hepburn Act

With which "Progressive" president are these MOST closely related?

Theodore Roosevelt

What idea is stated by "social contract" theory?

One natural right is the right to replace leaders if they fail to lead as the people desire.

This image(major dust) reflects the situation in the Midwest during the early 20th Century, a situation known as

The Dust Bowl.

Which of these BEST describes the official status of African Americans in the United States during World War I?

separate but equal

During which historical era would you MOST likely find an abandonment of laissez faire economic policies in the United States?

The 1940s

Based on the information provided here, this excerpt from a 1787 law is taken from

The Northwest Ordinance.

The Ford Motor Company and the Model T dominated the auto industry from 1908 through the mid 1920s. Ford lost its dominance, however, in the mid-1920s because

competitors such as General Motors offered consumers more choices in colors and styles.

This passage BEST represents which of these theories in the Declaration of Independence?

Social Contract Theory

Following the American Revolution, what was the PRIMARY economic activity in the Southern states?

cotton farming

Which Great Depression personality is being described in these statements?

Father Charles Coughlin

The first man-made satellite to be placed into orbit was

the Soviet Union\'s Sputnik I in 1957.

In 1991 the Soviet Union collapsed MAINLY because

years of economic stagnation left it far behind Western and Asian countries.

Following the Geneva Accords of 1954, Vietnam was

divided at the 17th parallel into communist-controlled North and non-communist South.

Which technological advance allowed cities to expand outward?

forms of electric urban transportation

The cotton gin was an important invention because

it inadvertently led to the spread of slavery.

In 1913, the Sixteenth Amendment, which legalized a federal income tax, was ratified. Why was there a need for a federal income tax?

to replace the revenue loss from tariffs

Which statement BEST describes the demographic trend of the United States during the early 1940s?

People moved from rural to urban areas to find industrial work.

Which country's debts prompted the Roosevelt Corollary?

Dominican Republic

Which person would have been LEAST likely to be considered a "Progressive" in the early 20th century?

farmer

Which letter on this map marks the area of colonial North America controlled by France around the year 1700?

The blue C)

In times of war or conflict, a government may spread information containing biased accounts of the enemy. This is called

propaganda.

Which of these had the GREATEST impact on the United States' fulfilling its "Manifest Destiny?"

the California Gold Rush of 1849

What is this map(of the U.S. with red and blue) showing?

the Confederate and Union states

The ideas contained in the Declaration of Independence were MOST influenced by

the Social Contract Theory.

Accounting for almost 60% of American exports by the Civil War, which statement regarding the impact of cotton is TRUE?

The Southern states developed the plantation system and rigid social classes.

Andrew Young was part of which group?

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

Minority groups such as Hispanic-Americans, Asian-Americans, and American Indians, viewed the eventual success of _________________ as a basis for their own efforts to gain equality in the United States.

the Civil Rights Movement

Why was Harper's Ferry, Virginia, significant in the Antebellum Era?

It was the site of a failed slave rebellion in October of 1859.

When this was published in early 1776, many American colonists became convinced that they should act to form a new kind of nation independent from the rule of Britain's "cruel" courts.

Common Sense

Which European philosopher proposed that dividing the government into three branches would prevent any one person or group from gaining total control?

Baron de Montesquieu

The Founding Fathers gained support for the Constitution by promising that

a Bill of Rights would be established.

This amendment significantly increased the power of American voters by

allowing citizens to directly elect their Senators.

This photograph by Jacob Riis (1889) reflects the conditions that would have been found in

industrial areas.

Based on information from the map(about the League of Nations), which is true about the United States?

It was reluctant to join a group that might be involved in another conflict.

Which of these New Deal programs would have had the largest impact on rural electrification during the 1930s?

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

Which factor had the GREATEST positive effect on late nineteenth century American industrialization?

a large supply of cheap labor

In the Spring of 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law a bill which allowed him to sell, loan, or give war material to countries for their defense against Axis forces. This bill was known as the

Lend-Lease Act.

What was the purpose of this quote from United Farm Workers Association founder Cesar Chavez?

It is meant to convince consumers that they should side with the farm workers.

This drawing from an 1899 edition of Life magazine is a satire of the imperialist philosophy known as

"White Man's Burden."

During the Great Depression, the national unemployment rate across the United States peaked at 25%, although the rate in ________________ communities was much worse at close to 50%.

African-American

Which of these was the FIRST state to pass laws against the sale and consumption of alcohol?

Maine

Which event took place in 1950 and had the greatest impact on the course of the Korean War?

China entered the war in defense of North Korea.

Which of these asserted that the United States had the right to intervene in the affairs of neighboring American countries, to counter threats posed to its security and interests?

The Roosevelt Corollary

Which statement offers the BEST support for Theodore Roosevelt's "Big Stick" diplomacy?

Roosevelt was successful in bringing parts of Latin America under control of the United States, including Cuba and the Panama Canal.

Which is the BEST example of the United States' use of humanitarian aid as a tool of diplomacy?

the Marshall Plan

"On August 17, 1998, William Jefferson Clinton swore to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth before a Federal grand jury of the United States. Contrary to that oath, William Jefferson Clinton willfully provided perjurious, false and misleading testimony to the grand jury concerning one or more of the following: (1) the nature and details of his relationship with a subordinate Government employee; (2) prior perjurious, false and misleading testi mony he gave in a Federal civil rights action brought against him; (3) prior false and misleading statements he allowed his attorney to make to a Federal judge in that civil rights action; and (4) his corrupt efforts to influence the testimony of witnesses and to impede the discovery of evidence in that civil rights action."

This excerpt was used

as part of the impeachment of Clinton.

Who was the primary author of The Federalist Papers, writing 51 of the 85 articles published to increase support for the ratification of the U.S. Constitution?

Alexander Hamilton

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