Latin Content and Culture

66 terms by Mharwell

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The old name for Germany

Germania

Ordinary foot soldiers of the legions

Milites Legionarii

A permanent Roman military camp

Castra

The east-west axis on which Roman-style towns were built

Decumanus

A place for keeping records

Tabularium

The center of the city where the Senate would meet, main marketplace with shops, a tabularium, a theater and temples

Forum

The Roman name for the province which is now France

Gallia

The Latin term for bunkmares and is used to indicate those people with whom you share military service

Contubernales

The main street in a Roman town on the north-south axis

Cardo

The first aquaduct, built in 312 BC by Appius Claudius, ran underground to speed construction and hide from enemies

Aqua Appia

The year the first aquaduct was built by Appius Claudius

312 BC

One gate into Rome by the Aqua Marcia, where the Cornelii family entered Rome

Porta Capena

The builder of the first aquaduct in 312 BC

Appius Claudius

A Superintendent of Aquaducts who wrote an engineering manual on hydraulics, called De Aquis Urbis Romae in about 97 AD

Frontinus

The board of twenty, where Cornelius first served the army, he and two others were in chare of the state mint

Vigintiviri

A Roman port city, where Cornelius served as a quaestor in charge of grain from Africa

Ostia

Wars between Rome and Carthage over Sicily and the Western Mediterranean Sea from 264-241 BC

Punic Wars

The great sea powere of North Africa, fought against Rom in Punic wars, eventually destroyed by Rome in 146 BC

Carthage

1st Punic war, Rome developednavy which led to victory

264-241 BC

2nd Punic War, ignited by Hannibal to fulfill his father's dreams, marched across Alps with elephants, Lake Trasimene and Cannae defeats over Quintus and the Romans, Scipio replace Quintus and wins at Zama

218-201 BC

3rd Punic war, ends with destruction of Carthage and Corinth

149-146 BC

Greek city-state that rebelled and was demolished, salt sown into ground

Corinth

The Roman dictator who commanded the army during the 2nd Punic war, kept Hannibal from taking Rome, replaced by Scipio

Quintus Fabius Maximus Cuncator

Carthaginian general who was killed in Spain, father of Hannibal who swore with him at the alter eternal emnity of Rome, dreamed of getting revenge on Rome

Hamilicar Barca

Brother of Hannibal

Hasdrubal Barca

African Plain wher Rome finally defeated Carthage in 202 BC

Zama

Spiked gangplank the Romans used to board enemy ships

Corvi

A game like chess

Latrunculi

The officer in chare of lawsuits involving foriengers and non-Roman citizens

Praetor peregrinus

One of the two greatest defeats Romans ever suffered in the 2nd Punic war, used the pincer war

Cannae

The great defeat of Rome by Carthage in the 2nd Punic war, used mist to hide Carthaginian troops and Romans walked right into trap

Lake Trasimene

The Roman general who replaced Quintus Fabius Maximus Cuncator and defeated the Carthaginians on the African plain of Zama

Scipio

Long covered walk for markets, philosophers lectured, poets recited, teachers held classes, lawyers met clients, entertainers performed, snacks sold, buisness deals were conducted

Portico

Wards into which 14 reions were subdivided

Vici

Rich homes that had one story with a courtyard

Domus

Wealthy men who gave food or money to their dependents

Patroni

People who go to a patroni's home in the morning to recieve money and food then escort them to the forum and perform services

Clientes

Center of the universe built by Augustus that says distances to all the cities in the empire

Golden Milestone

A plaza that was the site for processions, elections, public speeches, criminal trials and gladiator matches

Forum Romanum

The most important temple in Rome on Capitoline hill

Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus

A Roman public building in a forum for the Senate to meet

Basilica

The "coloseum" that sits 50000 people that was used for gladitorial combat and public entertainment like drama battles and executions

Ampitheatrum Flavium

Provinces that the nnewly acquired foriegn territories were organized into

Provinciae

Firs person to adapt a Greek play for Romans in 240 BC

Livius Andronicus

The guy who composed the Bellum Punicum

Gnaeus Navius

The Queen of Carthage and Trojan hero and forefather of Rome who had an ill-fated love affair

Dido and Aeneas

Person who wrote the Annales

Quintus Ennius

Poem written by Quintus Ennius that recounted the history of Rome, from the beginning to his day

Annales

The poem by Gnaeus Navius, the combination of the 1st Punic was with Dido and Aeneas

Bellum Punicum

Roman poets who wrote comedic plays where latin-speaking characters with Greek names and greek plots

Terrence and Plautus

A Roman history book written by Marcus Cato for his son

Origines

A book with advice for Roman landowners by Marcus Cato

De agricultura

The chariot races that Marcus, Sextus, Cornelia, and Eucleides attend, literally "games in the circus"

Ludi circenses

The wies of Roman soldiers

Focariae

A container holding good luck charms placed around a child's neck at birth

Bulla

A short poem with pointed (usually political) messages and satirical twists at the end

Epigram

Nero's famous palace destroyed by Vespasian

Domus Aurea

1 main feature of Roman archetecture, could support statues or rooves and could form the entrance of buildings

Column

A Roman apartment house

Insula

The road on which all religious processions would travel

Via Sacra

The man who ended all of his speeches to the Senate with Carthago delenda est

Marcus Cato

Men descended form old families of patrician and plebeian stock, formed a ruling stock aristocracy, whose ranks supplied most of the consuls and exerted most on the influence on the way the Roman government operated

Nobiles

"large estates" which were the downfall of the small farmer

Latifundia

A poet wrote Gracia capta ferum victorem cepit

Horace

The holidays were given to public games

Feriae

Charioteer who drove fot the Reds for 24 years, ran 4257 starts and won 1462 victories

Gaius Apuleius Diocles

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