Agricultural Adjustment Agency
Tried to raise farm prices through government assistance
Notorious gangster of Chicago
Discrimination or hostility directed at Jews
Supplying illegal alcohol
Mexican farm laborers brought to work in the U.S.
Congress of Racial Equality, nonviolent techniques to end racism
Dow Jones Industrial Average
an average of stock prices of major industries
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
established to insure bank deposits, stabilizing financial institutions
New type of woman, rebellious, energetic, and bold.
Nazi Germany's systematic murder of European Jews
Strike against Carnagie Steel
military strategy of attacking specific enemy islands and bypassing others
Intense burst of national pride and desire for an aggressive foreign policy.
Lending out supplies to other countries and you can get them back
British passenger liner that was fired at with Americans, even though they were warned by the Germans, caused problems.
Complete control of a product or service
National Youth Agency
Provided education, jobs, recreation, and counseling for youth, ages 16-25.
Preventing international intervention
Intense fear of communism and other politically radical ideas.
Social Security Act
Permitted old age pension, disability payments, and unemployed benefits.
Teapot Dome Scandal
Worst Harding Co. scandal to do with oil drilling rights and a lot of mishandled money.
Tennessee Valley Authority
Public works project
Home veggie garden planted to add to home food supply and replace farm produce sent in to feed soldiers
National Labor Relations Act, legalized union practices like closed shops or collective bargaining.
Works Progress Administration
Gave unemployed work in building construction and art.
The industrial work force was made up of immigrants and displaced farm workers
Throughout the late eighteen and early nineteen hundreds, blacks could receive equal work to that of whites.
A child's development could not be affected as a result of working in a mine at the turn of the century.
The transcontinental railroad primarily connected the country together by northern and southern railroads.
False; went east-west.
The Farmers Alliance wanted the federal government to regulate the railroads
Journalists like William Randolph Hurst, published stories to encourage tension between Spain and the U.S.
True: Yellow Journalism
Foreign markets were needed as a result of the lack of production during the age of imperialism.
Some American citizens believed that our society had a right to take over inferior cultures.
Politicians believed that imperialism would only help inferior nations.
Theodore Roosevelt reduced the powers of the president.
John Lennon was the leader of the Russian Revolution
False: Vladimir Lenin
The Germans DID warn civilians using passenger liners about submarine warfare during WWI
The Convoy System increased the number of U.S. ships sunk by German U-Boats.
Liberty bonds were sold to help finance the country's WWI efforts
Women supported WWI even though it interfered with their suffragist goals
Due to its musical influence, the 1920's became known as the Jazz Age.
Aviator Charles Lindberg became a national hero after flying nonstop from New York to Paris.
F. Scott Fitzgerald praised the 1930's culture in his book "The Great Gatsby"
In the fall of 1929, a wave of panic selling gripped the stock market.
Despite heavy financial losses in the stock market, all banking customers in the U.S. were able to collect their deposits during the Great Depression.
Buying stocks on margin made them affordable but was not a true reflection of how much they were actually worth.
The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was Hoover's successful remedy to the Great Depression.
Based on election mas, Hoover lost the election of 1932 by a slim margin.
Franklin D. Roosevelt pushed economic reform through Congress during the first 100 days of his term.
The Office of War Mobilization centralized the use of the country's resources during WWI
The financial cost of war raised taxes minimally
Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt agreed on a strategy to end WWII at the Casablanca Conference
The Allied leaders agreed to divide Germany and Berlin into three parts in post war Europe
Kristallnacht is a reference to the Star of David.
Warsaw Jews were defenseless when they stood against German Forces before being deported to Treblinka
The Japanese failed to destroy three aircraft carriers when they attacked Pearl Harbor
President Truman hesitated with his decision to drop the atomic bomb
What organization did farmers join during populism to give a stronger voice to their economic concerns?
The Farmers' Alliances, the Populists.
What is the main goal of vertical merging?
To control all the stages of production.
What was the main goal of the U.S. during the Spanish-American War?
Truce in Cuba, Compensation for the Maine, Cuban Independence
What were the main results of the Spanish-American War?
What was the main idea of the Roosevelt Corollary?
An extension of the Monroe Doctrine
The U.S. competed for what in China during Imperialism?
What position did the federal government take during the early years of WWI?
Wanted to remain neutral.
What European country encouraged an in the ti-German feelings U.S. during WWI?
What convinced the U.S. to enter WWI?
Germany sinking the U.S. ships Illinois, Vigilancia, and City of Memphis.
What were Americans more willing to do after the Russian Revolution?
Go to war with Germany
What role did the federal government play in the economy during WWI?
Borrowed money by selling liberty bonds, switched from producing commercial goods to war goods, imposed price controls, rationed and regulated food and fuel.
What countries belonged to the Central Powers during WWI?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire, Italy.
What country or countries were not at the Versailles Treaty at the end of WWI?
The Central Powers
What would be the best description for the American economy in the early 1920's?
What did President Hoover believe the best strategy for ending the depression was?
Confidence, voluntary controls by businesses
What was a major reason for Roosevelt's overwhelming victory in 1932?
People didn't like that Hoover remained passive.
The presidential election of 1932 was viewed as a turning point on how citizens viewed what organization?
The Federal Government.
What racial group experienced the most discrimination in relation to employmenWhich of the New Deal programs did the Suprt for relief and job programs during the depression?
Which New Deal agency was created to help businesses?
The National Recovery Administration
When hiring for New Deal jobs and programs, what gender group was given the strongest hiring preference?
Which of the New Deal programs did the Supreme Court declare unconstitutional?
Why did socialists and progressives attack FED's New Deal?
Say it did not provide enough help
When FDR became frustrated by a conservative Supreme Court that ruled against many New Deal Programs, what did he attempt to do?
The Court Packing Plan
What was the most widespread medium of entertainment during the 1930's?
During the Great Depression, unemployed artists were supported by what New Deal Agency?
The Federal Art Project
What did the American Govt. do to meet the demand for war materials during WWII?
What was the relationship between employment and union memberships during WWII?
Union membership continued to rise sharply
Why is the Battle of the Bulge significant?
The largest battle fought by the U.S Army, after it was over most Nazi leaders recognized the war was lost.
Why is May 8, 1945 significant?
Victory in Europe
What was the "final solution" as announced by the Nazi regime?
Genocide of Jews
What did Roosevelt create in January of 1944 to help European Jews?
War Refugee Board
What accomplishments were achieved at the Battle of Midway?
Devastating blow to Japanese navy, sank four carriers
What was the goal of the Manhattan Project?
Develop the atomic bomb
What did many Japanese Americans experience during WWII?
Discrimination, internment camps and relocation, many losses of jobs and property.
During WWII many women worked in what industrial capacity?
Factory jobs in war related industries