Chicago architect that helped develop and popularize the skyscraper.
Developed in the late 19th century. Contained various items and clothing and were a sybol of American consumerism in that era.
An apartment-like housing development that were often cramped and had poor living conditions
Immigrants that arrived in America generally after the 1880s that came from southern and eastern Europe. They were generally poorer and from non-democratic nations.
Protestant clergyman who sought to spread Christianity into the factories of America. Became a pastor of a German Baptist church in New York in 1882. Preached the "social gospel".
Another Christian pastor who took over a Congressional church in Columbus, Ohio in 1882. Preached the "social gospel".
Belief that chuches try to solve social issues.
One of the first generation of female college graduates. Established an American settlement house ion Chicago in 1889 called Hull House.
American Protective Association (APA)
Created in 1887, it gained nearly 1 million members and urged them to vote against Roman Catholic canidates for office.
Passing of the first immigration law
In 1882, Congress passes one the first restrictive laws on immigrants. This particular one denied paupers, criminals, and convicts entry into America.
Chinese Exclusion Act
Passed in 1882, this act completly barred Chinese immigrants.
Cardinal James Gibbons
Leader of the Catholic church that advocated unity of America. Liked by Roman Catholics and Prtestants. He assisted in the labor movement.
Mary Baker Eddy
Founded the Church of Christ, Scientist (Christian Science) in 1879 and published "Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures in 1875. Preached that Christianity heals sickness.
YMCA & YWCA
Young Men's and Women's Christian Association: Established before the Civil War, they combined physical and other kinds of education with religious instruction.
"On the Origin of species"
Published by Mark Twain in 1859, proposed that higher forms of life developed from lower forms over time through adaptations(natural selction). Very controversal and it challenge many religious beliefs.
Movement in New York for the education of adults. Got attention through speeches and lectures.
Booker T. Washington
Urged Black Americans to achieve equality slowly and through self-help. Stated that blacks should educate themeselves and become economically independent.
George Washington Carver
African American teacher who taught at Tuskegee Institute. Became a renound argricultural chemist.
W.E.B Du Bois
Black leader who promoted immediate assimilation of African Americans and equal rights.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Founded in 1910 with the goal of gaining total equality for all Americans.
Hatch Act of 1887
Extended the Morrill Act and provided federal funds for the creating of farm experiment stations in connection with land-grant colleges.
Carrie Chapman Catt
Leader of the women's suffrage movement. Stated women should receive the right to vote as they continued to give up their traditional duties as women.
The National Prohibition Party
Formed in 1869, this party attracted a surprising amount of support in presidential elections and displayed the growing support for prohibition in America.
Women's Christian Temperance Movement
Organized in 1874, this group of militant women practiced acts of violence such as the destruction of alcohol and bars.
Become a writer of juvenile fiction in 1866 and stressed virtue, honesty, and industry are rewarded by success, wealth and honor.