The rules of conduct recognized in a particular profession, the shared standards of what is good practice.
These provide a framework for systematically choosing a course of action when ethical codes do not specify how to act in a particular situation.
Respect the client's independence and self-determination.
Do not harm the client.
Provide benefit for the client.
Be fair to the client.
Be faithful to the client.
Be truthful to the client.
The National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors
NAADAC Ethical Principles
nondiscrimination, responsibility, competence, legal and moral standards, public statements, publication credit, client welfare, confidentiality, client relationships, interprofessional relationships, remuneration and societal obligations.
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
This federal regulation protects client rights by covering all personal health information that can be used to identify an individual.
This federal law prohibits counselors from divulging the fact that someone is in treatment or any details of their treatment without the client's written consent, when the client is in a clear state of mind. Applies to former and deceased clients also.
Instances when confidentiality may be broken
Sharing among staff of a program, reporting child abuse or neglect, threatening to harm another person, threatening suicde, committing or threatening a crime on program property or against program staff, medical emergencies, elder abuse and court orders.
This is a legal concept that refers to a client's right to keep confidential information out of legal proceedings. The client holds this right, which forbits counselors from disclosing information in legal proceedings unless the client waives this right.
Informed Consent and Releases of Information
Includes, but is not limited to, the purpose of the disclosure, the person to receive the disclosed information, and the date or condition under which the consent will expire.
Duty to warn
This refers to a counselor's responsibility to alert the appropriate authorities of a threat . Varies from state to state.
Tarasoff vs. Regents
California Supreme Court case that originated Duty to Warn.
Culturally sensitive counseling
The first step is to be aware of one's own lack of information about other's cultures and one's own prejudices.
Key concept about diversity
Within-group differences are always greater than between-group differences.
A socio-political concept. Not biological.
An ongoing responsibility accomplished through engaging in continuing education, self-evaluation, supervision and consultation.
A responsibility to monitor one's own wellness, and to make healthy lifestyle choices.
The purpose of this is to promote the counselor's growth, prothect the welfare of clients, monitor counselor performance and empower the counselor to self-supervise and carry out responsibilities as an independent professional.
Administrative, Evaluative, Clinical and Supportive
Four emphases of supervision
Counselors need to be able to recognize symptoms in clients that require assessment by other professionals and be familiar with services available.
Any activity designed to obtain a service, practical help, support or information for a client.