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Appalachian Mountains

A mountain range in the eastern United States extending from Quebec to the Gulf of Mexico

Great Plains

A vast prairie region extending from Alberta and Saskatchewan and Manitoba in Canada south through the west central United States into Texas

Canadian Shield

A huge, rocky region that curves around Hudson Bay like a giant horseshoe. The Shield covers half the land area of Canada.

Rocky Mountains

The chief mountain range of western North America

Great Lakes

A group of 5 lakes in central North America

Mackenzie River

A Canadian river


Ground that is permanently frozen

Prevailing Westerlies

Winds that blow west to east between 30 and 60 degrees in the northern and southern hemispheres


A large subtropical swamp in southern Florida that is noted for its wildlife


A member of a people who have no permanent home but move about according to the seasons


Land bridge that connected Asia and North America

St Lawrence Seaway

System of locks, canals, and dams that allows ships to move from one water level to another completed in 1959; makes it easier to move goods from the US to Canada


Build locks in order to facilitate the navigation of vessels


The movement of persons from one country or locality to another

Columbian Exchange

The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.

Louisiana Purchase

Territory in western United States purchased from France in 1803 for $15 million


A wilderness at the edge of a settled area of a country


A residential district located on the outskirts of a city

Representative Democracy

A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.


To send goods to another country for sale

Free Enterprise

An economy that relies chiefly on market forces to allocate goods and resources and to determine prices

Service Industry

An industry that provides services rather than tangible objects

Postindustrial Economy

A productive system based on service work and high technology


Involving or operating in several nations or nationalities

New England

A region of northeastern United States comprising Maine and New Hampshire and Vermont and Massachusetts and Rhode Island and Connecticut


A very large urban complex (usually involving several cities and towns)

The Midwest

The region that contains the 12 states of the northcentral United States

The South

A subreagion that vocers about one-fourth of the land area of the United States and contains more than one-third of its population

Metropolitan Area

A major population center made up of a large city and the smaller suburbs and towns that surround it

The West

The subregion of 14 states that stretched from the GReat Plains to the Pacific Ocean and includes Alaska and Hawaii


The territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation

Dominion of Canada

The loose confederation of Ontario(upper Canada), Quebec(lower Canada), Nove Scotia, and New Brunswich, created by teh british North America Act in 1867


A joining of several groups for a common purpose

Parliamentary Government

This type of government is where the authority is held by a bicameral legislature called a Parliament. In Great Britain, it includes a House of Commons and a House of Lords.


A legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Great Britain)

Prime Minister

The person who is head of state (in several countries)

First Nations

The name used by Canada's Aboriginal or indigenous peoples, which refers to INDIAN peoples and may sometimes include the MÉTIS and INUIT.


A half-breed of white and Indian parentage


Hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency

Atlantic Provinces

The provinces in Eastern Canada-Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nove Scotia, and Newfoundland


The largest province of Canada


A prosperous and industrialized province in central Canada

Prairie Province

Regions from the most to the least agriculture

British Columbia

A province in western Canada


An Arctic territory in northern Canada created in 1999 and governed solely by the Inuit

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