1. What is the health triangle?
It is three areas that when all meet, combine to allow a person to lead a balanced healthy life. The three areas are Physical Health, Social Health, Mental/Emotional Health.
2. Name 3 ways to promote each area of the health triangle?
Physical Any three: Get regular physical activity; eat a well-balanced diet; get enough rest; practice good personal hygiene habits.
Mental/Emotional Any three: Accept yourself and feel good about who you are; think positively; name several things you can do well; express your feelings in a healthy way; learn how to handle stress; ask for help when it is needed; try to improve yourself
Social Any three: Get along with others; try to work out differences you have with others; treat others with respect; communicate well with others; say no to friends if necessary.
3. Name four factors that influence your health triangle.
Any four: Personal tastes; heredity; environment, family, culture, the media, technology.
4. What are four skills that can help you to stay healthy?
Any four: Good communication skills; accessing reliable health information; practicing healthful behaviors; managing stress; refusal skills; conflict resolution skills; decision making; goal setting; advocacy
5. What's the process to follow when setting goals so that you can maintain or improve your health in any area of the health triangle?
Make your goals specific, list the steps to achieve your goal, Get help from others
Evaluate your progress, Reward yourself
9. What are the factors of Physical Fitness?
Cardiovascular, Muscular Strength, Muscular Endurance, Flexibility, BMI
10. What are three health benefits of physical activity?
Any three: Strengthens and tones muscles, strengthens heart and lungs, builds strong bones; gives more energy; better sleep habits; easier to deal with stress; a good way to make friends; helps to learn to work together as a group
11. What is the difference between strength and endurance?
Strength is the ability of your muscles to exert force; endurance is the ability to keep up with an activity without becoming to tried.
12. What is flexibility? Name one activity that can help your flexibility.
Flexibility is the ability to move body joints through a full range of motions. Any one of the following activities: yoga, swimming, karate, gymnastics
13. What do THR and RPE stand for?
THR is Target Heart Rate; RPE is Rate of perceived exertion.
14. How is THR calculated?
By calculating 65 and 85% of your MHR. (MHR is calculated by 220 minus your age)
Mr. Breen would also accept 60 to 80%.
15. What does FITT stand for?
Frequency, Intensity, Time and Type.
21. What is adolescence?
Adolescence is the period between childhood and adulthood. When major changes happen physically, socially and mentally.
22. Name four changes that signal the arrival of puberty in most teens?
Any four: Lowering of voice in boys; acne; growth of body hair, increased sweating; growing taller; change in body shape; feeling awkward or self-conscious; mood swings; friends becoming more important; ability to think more complex thoughts
23. Name five parts of the female reproductive system.
Any five: Ovary, Fallopian Tubes, Endometrium; Uterus; Cervix; Vagina
24. Name five parts of the male reproductive system.
Any five: Urethra; Penis; Prostrate; Seminal vesicles; Vas deferens; Epididymis; Testes, Scrotum
25. What is Menstruation?
It is when blood, tissue and the unfertilized egg flow out of the body. The tissue and blood is from the uterus wall lining.
26. Which part of the male reproductive system makes the sperm?
31. What are your body's nutrient needs?
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Minerals and Vitamins, Fluids,
32. What is a calorie?
A calorie is a unit of heat that measures the energy available in foods
33. Why would someone want to know about the calories available in a food or snack?
The more calories the more chance that the excess could be stored as fat. If a person carries to much fat this can put a burden on their heart. Increase the chances of heart disease.
34. What are trans fats and saturated fats?
Trans fats are fats that start of as oils and are made solid through processing. Saturated fats are fats found in many animal products such as butter, meat and cheese. Both types of fats are linked to heart problems if over consumed.
35. Are there good fats and if so where do they come from?
Unsaturated fats are a healthier option. They come from fish and olive oil
39. What are the steps to making responsible decisions?
Step One: State the situation.
Step Two: List the options
Step Three: Weigh the possible outcomes
Step Four: Consider values
Step Five: Make a decision and act on it
Step Six: Evaluate the decision
Mr. Breen will also accept an abbreviated form of
Step one: What is the problem
Step Two: What are some possible solutions
Step three: Which one do I chose and why?
Step four: Take action
Step Five: Evaluate and reflect on decision and action.