# All Exam Review Guide

### 461 terms by james_devine

#### Study  only

Flashcards Flashcards

Scatter Scatter

Scatter Scatter

## Create a new folder

Semester 2

Black Tuesday

### What were two signs of weakness?

Basic Industry failing but stock market booming, People borrowing money to play the stock market

25%

### What was the Bubble in the Stock Market?

Price/Earnings Index
Rising Equity Prices/Falling Fundamentals
Greater Fool Theory

Run on the banks

### CCC

Civilian Conservation Corps

### TVA

Tennessee Valley Authority

### Obtuse

An angle with a measure between 90º and 180º.

### Perpendicular

Two lines that intersect to form four congruent angles.

### Complementary

Two angles whose measures has a sum of 90°.

### Supplementary

Two angles whose measures has a sum of 180º.

### Vertical

The angles opposite each other when two lines intersect to form four angles.

### Alternate Interior

One of two pairs of angles formed when a transversal intersects two lines.

### Parallel

Two lines that do not meet.

### Scalene

No sides are congruent on a triangle. (no sides have the same measure)

### Isosceles

At least two sides are congruent on a triangle. (two sides have the same measure)

### Equilateral

All sides are congruent on a triangle. (all sides have the same measure)

### Polygon

A closed figure consisting of segments joined at their endpoints.

### Proportion

A statement of equality to two ratios

### Percent

A ratio of a number to 100.

The places where the x- and y-axes are divided into in the coordinate plane.

### Y-intercept

The Y-coordinate of a point where a graph crosses the Y-axis.

### Pythagorean Theory

A2 + B2 = C2

The number that is being added to the coefficient. 3x + 2, 2 is the ________.

### Associative Property

(a + b) + c = a + (b + c)

a + b = b + a

a + 0 = a
a - 0 = a
a - a = 0

a X 1 = a
a ÷ 1 = a
a ÷ a = 1

### Distributive Property

a X (b + x) = (a X b) + (a X c)

### Coefficient

The numbers preceding the powers of the variable. 3x + 2, 3 is the ____________.

### Combination

An arrangement of a group of things in which order does not matter.

### Exponent

A number indicating how many times the base is used as a factor.

### Equation

A mathematical sentence with an equals sign to indicate that two expressions name the same number. Ex. 3x + 2 = 14.

### Difference

The answer to a subtraction problem.

### Linear Equation

A line consisting of all points whose coordinates satisfy the equation.

### Permutation

An arrangement of a group of things in a particular order.

### Probability

The ratio of the number of outcomes favoring an event to the total number of possible outcomes.

### Product

The answer to a multiplication problem.

### Quotient

The answer to a division problem.

### Slope

The steepness of a line; that is, of the change in the y-coordinate to the change in the x-coordinate when moving from one point on a line to another point.

### Surface Area

The total area of a solid. Lateral area plus area of the bases.

### Reciprocal

Two products whose product is one.

### Volume

A measure of the space occupied by a solid. Base area X height.

### Cross Products Property

If a is to b as c is to d then ad = bc. It allows you to do cross multiplication.

a + -a = 0

C= πd
or C=2πr

A= lw

1/2 bh

A=bh

A=1/2(b1 + b2)h

A= πr2

### Total surface area of a prism

A= lateral area+ surface area

### Lateral area of a prism

Perimeter of base * height

V= bh

v=πr2h

2πrh

2πrh +2πr2

### What are the 8 taxa? (put a dash between, biggest to smallest)

Domain-Kingdom-Phylum-Class-Order-Family-Genus-Species

### What are the 6 kingdoms?

Protista-Animalia-Plantae-Fungi-Archaeabacteria-Eubacteria

### Archabacteria

Prokaryote, (only unicellular), Autotroph or heterotrophs, some have a cell wall, live in extreme environments

### Eubacteria

Prokaryote, unicellular, autotrophs or heterotrophs, some have cell wall (peptidoglycogen) Producers, decomposers, parasites

### Protista

Eukaryotes, unicellular or multicellular, Producers, consumers, decomposers, some have cell walls, (Plant Like, Animal Like, Fungi Like)

### Fungi

Eukaryote, Multicellular and unicellular, heterotrophic, cell walls (chitin) decomposer

### Plantae

Eukaryote, Multicellular, Autotrophs, Producers, cell walls (cellulose)

### Animalia

Eukaryote, multicellular, heterotrophs, consumers, no cell walls

No

### Lytic Cycle

Attachment-Injection-Production-Assembly-Release

### What makes up a virus?

Genetic material inside a protein coat

### Lysogenic Cycle

Attachment-Injection-(Virus stays dormant in cell until specific time)

### What are 3 naming groups of bacteria?

Diplo-Strepto-Staphylo

2 cells

Chains of cells

### Staphylo

Clusters of cells

### What are the 3 shapes of bacteria

Coccus, Bacillus, Spirillum

round shaped

rod shaped

spiral shaped

### What are two ways bacteria get food?

Photosynthesis and Chemosynthesis

### What are the two ways bacteria reproduce?

Binary Fission (1) and Conjugation (2)

### What are the protist groups?

Protozoans, Algae, Water Molds

### What are the characteristics that all protists share?

Eukaryotes
Moist Environment
Organisms that cannot be classified as Plants, Animals or Fungi
Diverse
Unicellular and Multicellular
Heterotrophs and Autotrophs
Some move to get food

### What are the characteristics that all fungi share?

Eukaryotes
Heterotrophs
Use spores to reproduce

Hyphae

### How do fungi get food?

Hyphae go into food source
Digestive Enzymes ooze out from Hyphae
Enzymes break down food into smaller pieces
Absorbed by Hyphae

### What are the 3 main groups of fungi?

Club, Sac, Zygote

### What are the 2 ways fungi reproduce?

Spores or two hyphae grow together

### What is the fungi job in the environment?

Environmental Recycling

### What is a habitat?

A place where an organism can live, grow and reproduce

### Abiotic Factor

Nonliving parts of an environment

### Biotic Factor

Living parts of an environment

### Levels of Organization

Organism-Species-Population-Commutity-Ecosystem

### Species

A group of organisms that can reproduce together

### Population

All members of a species living in a specific area

### Community

All the different species that live in a specific area

### Ecosystem

All the abiotic and biotic factors in a specific area

### Ecology

The study of how organisms interact in an environment

### Limiting Factor

A factor that limits population growth in an area

### What are the three limiting factors?

Food/Water, Space, Climate

### Niche

An organisms role or job in an environment

### What is the Predator-Prey Relationship

When prey population is high, predators overkill them and then the prey population decreases, then predators have not as much food so they may die or go hungry, then the prey population sky rockets

### Competition

The struggle between two species that need the same resources

### What are the three types of symbiosis?

Mutualism, Commensalism, Parasitism

### What is succession?

the regrowing of plants after a natural disaster

### What are the three types of consumers?

Primary, Secondary, Tertiary

### What is the 10% rule?

Only 10% of the suns energy can be passed through organisms

Rainforest

Marine

Tundra

Grassland

Freshwater

Temperate Forest

Desert

Deciduous Forest

Estuary

Boreal Forest

Respiratory

Excretory

Digestive

Circulatory

Integumentary

Nervous

Skeletal

Muscular

Immune

### Hoard

To save and put away, secretly

### Ensue

To follow, to come as a result

### Inundate

Cover with water, to load an excessive amount of something

### Placate

To stop from being angry, to calm

### Recede

To move back or drop to a lower level, to become fainter

Showing no mercy

### Avert

To turn away, to keep from happening

### Plight

A difficult or dangerous situation

To say firmly

### Bleak

Without much hope, cold and dreary

### Blithe

Cheerful, Carefree

### Dwindle

To keep on becoming less

Quick and Agile

### Lethal

Capable of causing death

### Ponderous

Heavy or slow moving

### Clamber

To climb awkwardly

### Tedious

Seeming to go on for a long time, boring

### Fathom

A length of six feet

### Pique

To arouse or excite

### Probe

To poke or prod, to examine closely

See More

Example: