imaginary lines radiating out from the Inca capital of Cusco, marking natural landmarks and ritual routes
mnemonic device made of spun thread, with a main cord and subsidiary cords; used in accounting and to record information
a design made on the ground, out of natural elements
stirrup spout vessel
vessels with a stirrup handle forming part of the spout, which emanates from the top of the stirrup. The jars, which were often elaborately figurative, would be cast from a mold, while the stirrup spout was built by hand and welded to the vessel with slip.
warp and weft
the vertical and horizontal bands of thread in a woven textile
the tightly-wrapped layers of cloth in which the ancient people of Paracas buried their dead. The tight wrapping and dry sands of the region prevented the bodies from decaying. The cloths used for this are sometimes called mantles.
an artistic technique used to create multiple possible visual interpretations of an image. An image may be viewed as depicting one thing when viewed in a certain way; but if the image is flipped or turned, the same lines that formed the previous image now make up an entirely new design
representing part of a design by substituting a different element for it, which can be read both as the original referent and as the substituted element; more simply, when a form seems to be one thing, but is actually not what it appears
a stone figure in a reclining position, with legs bent and head turned to one side, and a receptacle or tray on its stomach to receive offerings (Tula, Chichen Itza, Tenochtitlan)
a medical intervention in which a hole is drilled or scraped into the human skull and materials removed; the practice of drilling a hole in the skull as a physical, mental, or spiritual treatment (Paracas)
a deep natural pit, or sinkhole. sometimes used by the ancient Maya for sacrificial offerings.
visual metaphoric substitution
when one thing can be used to represent two things.
double spout and bridge vessel
a form of usually ceramic drinking vessel developed sometime before 500 BC by Indigenous peoples of the Americas groups on the Peruvian coast. type of bottle is distinguished by two spouts with a handle bridging them.
a type of loose garment usually worn over indoor clothing to serve the same purpose as an overcoat.