Who does The Standard apply to?
The Standard applies to all employees, who as a part of their job, may reasonably expect to be exposed to blood and OPIM that may contain pathogens.
Who does The Standard protect?
The Standard protects anyone whose job involves handling or possibly being exposed to blood or blood products, blood components, or OPIM.
What does OPIM stand for?
Other Potentially Infected Materials.
Define Occupational Exposure.
A reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane, or parental contact with blood or OPIM that may result from the performance of "employees' duties."
What are the Five Modes of transmission?
1. Bloodborne transmission
2. Airbborne transmission
3. Vector transmission
4. Direct contact
5. Indirect contact
What type of "Control" is Hand Washing?
Hand Washing is a Workplace Control.
True or False -- There is a vaccination for the Hepatitis C Virus?
False. There are vaccinations for the Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B, however no vaccine is available for Hepatitis C.
Name at least 5 OPIMS?
1. Saliva containing blood. 2. Semen 3. Vaginal secretions. 4. Breast Milk 5. Amniotic fluid 6. Cerebrospinal fluid 7. Synovial fluid 8. Pleural fluid
9. Peritoneal fluid 10. Pericardial fluid 10. Any body fluid contminated with blood (such as vomit or urine).
What do HBV infections cause?
Liver damage, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.
How is HBV Spread?
1.By Injection - needles or puncture wounds.
2.Through mucous membranes (blood
contamination through eye and mouth) and non-
intact skin (abrasions or lacerations).
3.Through sexual activity.
4. From infected mother to newborn at birth.
Symptoms of HBV
1.Loss of appetite
2. Nausea, vomitting
4. Muscle or Joint aches
5. Mild Fever
6. Stomach Pain
7. Occasional jaundice (yellow tint to whites of the eyes or skin).
The Standard requires to offer the hepatitis B vaccine to employees at risk for exposure. True or False?
True. If you choose not to be immunized, you will be asked to sign a waiver.
How is the Hepatitis C Virus spread?
1. Through drug injections with contaminated
2. Through unclean body piercings or tatooing tools.
3. From sharing toothbrushes ir razors or any other
item contaminated with blood.
4. From a pregnant woman to the fetus.
5. And -- rarely -- from sexual contact.
Symptoms of HCV
2. Loss of appetite
5. Weight Loss
6. Alcohol intolerance
7. Abdominal pain
8. Loss of concentration
What does AIDS stand for?
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
What does HIV stand for?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
How long does it take HIV to develop into AIDS?
It takes a year or longer.
What are Sharps?
Sharps is a general term for any device or item that may accidentally penetrate the skin of a person handling it. Examples are: needles, scissors, scapels, and broken glassware.
Warning Labels must be displayed on?
1. Containers for waste that may contain contaminated materials (biohazardous waste).
2. Freezers and refrigerations used for blood or OPIMs.
3. Containers used to transport, ship or store blood or OPIMs.
4. Contaminated equipment until proper cleaning procedures are complete.
5. Laundry bags used to hold and transport contaminated clothing.
6. Entrances to places containing potentially infectious materials.
What are work place controls?
Work practice controls are controls that reduce the likelihood of exposure by altering the manner in which a task is performed... such as PPE's, handwashhing, decontamination and sterilization, safely handling sharps, correctly disposing of wastes, safely handling laundry and good personal habits....
What does PPE stand for and what is it?
Personal Protective Equipment-- disposable lab coats, jumpsuits, aprons gloves, goggles, masks, caps, booties, etc. that you wear to protect yourself from exposure to blood and OPIM.
What is the difference between Decontamination and Sterilization (as defined by OSHA)?
Decontamination is the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy bloodborne pathogens on a surface or item so that it is no longer infectious.
Sterilization is to use a chemical or physical procedure to destroy all microbial life on the item.
You can use your eyeglasses as a PPE for your eyes? True or False?
False-- only if the have side barriers to protect the sides.
What does Universal Precautions mean?
OSHA has a written interpretation that states that Universal Precautions should apply to all body fluids... because it is impossible to know by looking whether these other body fluids may contain traces of blood... Therefore, assume that all body fluids may be infectious.
What should you do if blood or OPIM splashes in your eye?
Flush with running water for 20 minutes.
What are Airborne Pathogens?
How are Airborne Pathogens spread?
You contact the germ by inhalation from an infectioniou person's coughing, sneezing, laughing or singing that can send tiny droplets of moisture into the air.
How long can the TB (Tuberculousis) virus live outside the body?
Up to 1 1/2 hours.
What are the symptoms of TB?
1. Weight loss
3. Night Sweats
How is TB cured?
Through a combination of several different antibiotics that are usually taken for 6 to 12 months.
Name the ways to prevent the Flu Infection?
1. Hand hygiene.
2. Respiratory hygiene.
3. Social distancing.
What is the difference between an Epidemic and a Pandemic?
1. Epidemic is an outbreak of a disease in a
community or region.
2. Pandemic is an epidemic that spreads beyond a
community or region throughout the world.
What are engineering controls?
Controls in place at work that include: Sharps containers, self sheathing needles, safer medical devices. It also includes systems that isolate or remove the bloodbofre pathogens hazard from the workplace.
What is Decontamination?
The use of physical or chemical means to remove -inactive- or destroy pathogens on a surface item to the point that they are safe for handling, use or disposal.
What is Parenteral?
Parenteral is piercing mucous membranes or the skin barrier through such events as needlesticks, human bites, cuts and abrasions.
What does OSHA stand for?
Occupational Safety and Health Administration.