5 Written questions
5 Multiple choice questions
- During the Cold War, local or regional wars in which the superpowers armed, trained, and financed the combatants.
- Members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. The United States financed armed opposition by the Contras. The Sandinistas lost national elections in 1990.
- Head of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. His liberalization effort improved relations with the West, but he lost power after his reforms led to the collapse of Communist governments in eastern Europe.
- Eighteenth-century English intellectual who warned that population growth threatened future generations because, in his view, population growth would always outstrip increases in agricultural production.
- Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong.
5 True/False questions
newly industrialized economies → Socialist politician elected president of Chile in 1970 and overthrown by the military in 1973. He died during the military attack.
Solidarity → Polish trade union created in 1980 to protest working conditions and political repression. It began the nationalist opposition to communist rule that led in 1989 to the fall of communism in eastern Europe.
keiretsu → Alliances of corporations and banks that dominate the Japanese economy.
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini → President of Iraq since 1979. Waged war on Iran in 1980-1988. In 1990 he ordered an invasion of Kuwait but was defeated by United States and its allies in the Gulf War (1991).
Salvador Allende → President of Iraq since 1979. Waged war on Iran in 1980-1988. In 1990 he ordered an invasion of Kuwait but was defeated by United States and its allies in the Gulf War (1991).