founder of the Nobles, emperor at age 11, let his people into India
Akbar "The Great"
babur's grandson, Muslim, religiously tolerant, built Hindu temples, followed Hindu traditions
killed his brother and imprisoned his father, made the Empire grow to its biggest size, his policies cauesd revolt in the Mughal empire and it begin to crumble. He was not tolerant of Hindus- destroyed Hindu temples which caused civil wars.
The British are coming
The Mughals were weakened by Hindu/Muslim conflict with the British, east india company arrived. This allowed the company to control much of India in 1707
indian soldiers who worked for the East India Coompany rebelled and attacked the British
1919 Rowlat Act
the british had called for emergency acts while they were involved in wwi. british took control over india
1) people could be imprisoned for two years without being given trial
2) it was illegal to hold meetings
3) no trial by jury was required
1919 massacre at armritsar
indiands were meeting to discuss the British government and the Rowlatt Act. they were attacked by the british troops, 400 dead and 1200 wounded
Gandhi called for -
1) non-violent civil disobedience=breaking the law, but not in a violent way. he tried to show they were civilized
2)hindu and muslim unity
3)treat the untouchables like they wanted the british to treat the indians
4)a boycott of british goods, burn british cloth, make new homespun
3 major leaders in india independence
Indian- Gandhi. hindu- jawaharal nehru. muslim- ali jinnah
1930 salt march
-gendhi walked over 200+ miles to the indian ocean to make salt
India is free 1947
india was divided into hindu and india and a muslim pakistan. 10 million people moved. over 1 million people were killed in hindu and muslim violence
Chinese power: the ming dynasty
the 7 voyages of zheng he
isolation of china
-after the death of the emperor yonglo
-ocean was destroyed, all trade was outlawed
secret weapon to the british. the british bursted chinas bubble and threw it on them. british traders smuggled it into china to get them addcited so they would want to trade
Sino- japanesse war 1894-95
china and japan fought over korea, japan modernized and dominated the war.
1899 open door policy
the untied states declared that china shouold be hopen to trade with all countries. **the US was entering world politics
Boxer rebellion 1900
the chinese soldiers were poor, hungry and humliated after loosing the sino-japanese war, they created a secret society known as the order of the armonious fists (boxers)
siege of peking 1900
foreginers fled to the embassies there
civillians and christian chinese were attacked by thounds of boxers
the last emperor
father of modern china kicked him out
Revolution of 1911
sun yixian was a revolutionary who had been exiled and hunted by the qing government
he returned to china as the qing weakend and led a nationalistic revolution that overthew puyi and the qing
ended many years of chinese dynasties
Suns plan for china
1) freedom from foreigners
2) representive government
became the president of the rebublic of china
later he resigned as comprimise to gain the support of other areas in china
-sun resigned and made general yuan shikai president
- 1916: a time period of warolad civil broke out and yuan died.
1921 after Sun's death
jiang jiesh took over the nationalists. the common enemy the warloads were defeated.
war world II
-1937: the chinese civil war slows down because japan invaded china
japan was isolated during the tokugawa shogunate, japan refused to trade with europe
took 4 steamships to japan in 1853. he had a letter from president filmore.
1868-1912 Meiji reforms
meiji enligtened rule, japan tried to modernize, the emperors pwer went up.
modernized military economy and the government
Russo-Japanesse war 1904-05
they were fighting over manchorio, ruiisa was a huge favoirte to win. russia lost and was very himiluated.