Unit 7: North and West Africa: Unit 8: Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa

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this country is home to the fabled city of timbuktu
it was the center of islamic learning in ancient times.
the king made a flamboyant hajj to mecca and gave out large supplies of gold

mali

atlas moutons cover much of this country
8 miles from spain across the strait of gibraltar

morocco

this country voted last summer to split into two separate countries.
arab muslims in the north
christian farmers in the south

sudan

the country was recently freed from the rule of a dictator Muhammad Qaddafi, by a multi- national effort

libya

this country overture its dictator, Ben Ali in 2011 and started the 'Arab Spring'.
ancient city of carthage was located here

Tunisia

along with togo and nigeria this country was home to the yoruba; famous for bronzes

Benin

defeated the USA in world cup soccer twice
exports gold, diamonds, and bauxite
per capita that is twice that of the poorest african country

ghana

became africas first independent black nation in 1847 as a homeland for freed slaves; most from america

liberia

the boy pharaoh who died at a young age
his tomb wasn't discovered until 1921

Tutankhamen

remarkable chinese explorer and admiral
reached africa around 1414

Zheng He

type of protest music

rai

egyptian god of the underworld

Osiris

explorer who rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488

Bartholomew Dias

open air marketplaces

souks

the christian church in Egypt

coptic christian

european country which started the slave trade in europe

portugal

largest statue in egypt

great sphinx

organs removed from body during mummification are stored in these

canopic jars

statuettes buried with the dead in ancient egypt to perform tasks for the desceased

shawabtis

egyptian god of embalming
protector of mummies

anubis

what were the main products traded in the empires of ghana, mali, and songhai?

salt and gold

what is a necropolis?

cemetery of an ancient city

what is the most famous necropolis on earth

Valley of the Kings

colorful cloth woven by the ashanti of ghana is

kente

a steep slope with a nearly flat plateau on top

escarpment

a narrow band of dry grassland that runs east to west along the southern edge of the sahara

sahel

river flooded gradually and regularly, enabling the egyptians to be successful farmers

nile

huge stores of underground water under the sahara are called

aquifers

worlds largest desert

sahara

abundant resources in africa

oil
diamonds

only 20% of the sahara consists of sand (T or F)

true

"mummy unwrapping parties" were all the rage in Victorian England (T or F)

true

what island off the coast of senegal was the location of a slave fort that eventually 20 million slaves went through

goree island

in the yoruba religion, diviners or fortune tellers are called

babalawo

the yoruba trickster figure

esu

the yoruba believed that ____ brought good fortune

twins

which country has a 35% literacy rate, poor roads and transportation system, and once produced some of the worlds highest-quality diamonds

sierra leone

a natural depression in the surface of the land often with a lake at the bottom of it

basin

worlds longest river

nile river

a long narrow valley with steep sides

rift valley

one of africas highest mountains

mount kilimanjaro

steep slope with a nearly flat plateau on top

escarpment

water that has come to the surface in a desert

oasis

grassland in northern tanzania

serengeti plain

uppermost layer of branches

canopy

region that contains most of niger's oil

niger delta

expansion of dry conditions into moist areas that are next to deserts

desertification

dam on the nile river in egypt which increased Egypt's farmable land by 50% and protected it from droughts and floods

aswan high dam

sediment

silt

most continuous known record of humanity

olduvai gorge

important trading capital from the 1-8 century in what is now ethipoia

aksum

berlin conference

conference between european countries to avoid fighting for land and lay down rules for dividing africa

cash crop

grown for direct sale
coffee, tea, and sugar

east african ethnic group that lived in the grasslands of the rift valleys in Kenya and Tanzania

masai

uncontrollable outbreak of disease

pandemic

one of the great cities of ancient africa

carthage

people rely on family lineages to govern themselves rather than an elected government or monarch

stateless society

mass migration of people spreading their cultures and languages throughout africa

bantu migrations

belgian king who opened up the african interior to european trade along the congo river and controlled the area now known as Congo Free State

king leopold II

wooden masks with painted facial features and carved boxes that contain the skulls and bones of the desceased

fang sculpture

great zimbabwe

shona established city which is now in Zimbabwe

state founded in the 15th century by a man named mutota and that extended throughout all of the present day zimbabwe

mutapa empire

complete separation of the races

apartheid

one of the leaders of ANC who led a struggle to end apartheid and was elected president in 1994

nelson mandela

charles taylor

president of liberia
forced children to work as child soldiers
tried and convicted of crimes against humanity

Otto von bismark

man responsible for bringing together berlin conference

social darwinism

...

nationalism

belief that people should be loyal to their nation, the people with whom they share land, culture, and history

imperialism

...

king mswati III

last absolute monarch

joseph dsir mobutu

...

dr. livingston

a missionary, physician, and explorer who searched for the source of the nile and crossed the continent of africa from coast to coast

joseph conrad

traveled to Africa in 1889; captain of a Congo river steamboat.

FW de Klerk

freed mandela
helped end apartheid
became vice president of South Africa under mandela

henry morton stanley

journalist who uttered the famous words "Dr. Livingston I presume" and was later employed by king leopold to explore central africa

edward morel

Launched 1st international human rights movement

mobutu sese seko

the corrupt and extravagant dictator of present day democratic republic of congo, who fled the country in 1997
changed the name of congo to Zaire

this island established by portugese was the first place used by europeans for trade in african slaves

sao tome

what resources did leopold plunder from congo

rubber
ivory

what river drains more than 1.3 million square miles and crosses the equator twice

congo river

only what remained free of european control by 1914

eithiopia and liberia

at the berlin conference the belgium king was given

control of nearly a million miles and the congo

the great city of zimbabwe was established by the

shona

worlds leader in diamond production

botswana

policy of complete separation of the races

apartheid

one of the leaders of the ANC

nelson mandela

empire extended through most of Zimbabwe

mutapa

4000 white farmers own 1/3 of the best land in this country of 10 million blacks

zimbabwe

europeans that caused the downfall of the mutapa empire

portuguese

trickster figure for the San bushmen

kaggen

awarded nobel peace prize in 1993

nelson mandela and deklerk

who defeated zulu in zulu war in 1879

british defeated zulu

lake which forms part of the western border of tanzania and longest lake in the world

lake tanyika

east african ethnic group is known for their intricate beadwork and jewelry as well as using wooden plugs to increase the size of holes

masai

first known inhabitants of rwanda

twa

after world war 1 _____ took over control of rwanda

belgium

tallest free standing mountain in the world

mount kilimanjaro

displayed in the bronx zoo in 1906

ota benga

in 1895 rwanda became part of

german east africa

the aswan dam is located here
and ancient civilization started here thousands of years ago
second most industrialized nation in africa

egypt

these islands were uninhabited when the portugese arrived in 15th century

sierra leone

example of a stateless society
the igbo live in this country
most populous country in africa

nigeria

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