A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
why did US help french fight the vietnamese?
make the world a better place, better america
a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.
owned by another country
US opposition to communism
US doesn't want vietnam to become communist because it might lead to other countries doing the same
the idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control
Ho Chi Minh
Communist leader of north vietnam.
The French colony in Vietnam.
WWII effect on vietnam
increased nationalism which resulted in independence from France
Presidents supporting the war
Truman and Eisenhower
Why did Truman and Eisenhower support the war?
They believed it would stop the domino theory
Why is the Vietnam war different? (4)
-war over an "ism" instead of land
-1st televised war for US
-1st war for US fought in a jungle
-don't exactly know who the enemies are
Dien Bien Phu
where the final battle took place that forced the French out of Vietnam
North = Communist
South = Democratic
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization purpose:
oppose of communism
anti-communist leader of South Vietnam; "installed" by the US
Problems with Diem (2)
1. mock election
2. not budhist ('Nam's major religion)
South Vietnam Communists..guerrilla soldiers
Vietcong (VC) (South Vietnam Communists)
communists trying to overthrow southern vietnam's democratic government
Eisenhower gave money..
Johnson and Kennedy gave "advisors"- (troops)
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
1964 Congressional resolution authorizing President Johnson to take military action in Vietnam
why is communism a threat?
because it is opposite of our government and extremely foreign to the US
Operation Rolling Thunder
first action of war; bombing campaign over North Vietnam, supposed to weaken enemy's ability and will to fight
chemical that kills plants; used in Vietnam to expose Viet Cong hideouts
a jellied gasoline used for bombs
Ho Chi Minh
What are the Vietnamese fighting for?
because people won't support a war they don't fully understand
protests divide the US
hawks vs. doves
college protests increase after..
seeing the harsh affects the war has on vietnamese civilians
Students for a Democratic Society who opposed war with violent marches and protests; ; bring war home
surprise attacks on cities all over South Vietnam on anti-communists of 'Nam and US
Martin Luther King and RFK
assasinated in the same year
Tet offensive resulted in...
prolonging the war, tax increases, and Johnson steps down
Chicago Democratic Convention
Where 10,000 antiwar protestors gathered outside as Hubert Humphrey was decided upon as the Democratic candidate in 1968
bombed federal location to send US message that they are serious about bringing war home
must have a just cause and some other criteria
Nixon's different approach
speaks for majority, "peace with honor"
north vietnam wants to build a government with south vietnam
planned by Nixon to stop Ho Chi Minh's supply trail
Kent State University
college protest where national guard stepped in killing Four Students And Injured Nine Others; tear gas was also used
My Lai Massacre
1968, in which American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in the village of My Lai, also led to more opposition to the war.
My Lai Massacre resulted in... (2)
more presure on nixon to withdrawl from war and a ruined reputation for american soldiers
Convictions from My Lai Massacre
Lt. Calley got 3 year probation..that's it
Christmas Bombing Campaign
reverse tet offensive. US attack on communists
Paris Peace Accord
signed between us and north vietnam. both sides lay dwn there arms. us withdraw all troops. us contribute to reconstruction. Terms were not honored. FAIL
Domino Theory Fail
communism spreads through Vietnam and surrounding countries which results in civil war
responsible for genocide of anti-communists
Losers of war
Treatment of returning US troops
America abandoned them and told them to suck it up (all their post war problems)
Americanization vs. Vietnamization
America invents new weapons while VC invent new hiding places and secretly pose as civilians