english vocab exam 9th

30 terms by frapanther1 

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adamant

firm in purpose or opinion, unyielding, obdurate, implacable, inflexible; an extremely hard substance

berate

to scold sharply

blatant

noisy in a coarse, offensive way; obvious or conspicuous, especially in an unfavorable sense

broach

to bring up or begin to talk about; to announce, introduce; to break the surface of the water; to turn sideways to the wind and waves; to pierce in order to draw off liquid; a spit for roasting; a tool for tapping casks

bulwark

a strong defense or protection, a solid wall-like structure for defense; to provide such defense or protection

buttress

to support, prop up, strengthen; a supporting structure

brouhaha

a confused hodgepodge of sounds, hubbub; an uproar or commotion that goes far beyond what is justified

cloy

to spoil or destroy an appetite by too much indulgence, especially in sweet or rich tings, to glut, satiate, surfeit

collate

to compare critically in order to note differences, similarities, etc.; to arrange in order for some specific purpose

criterion

a rule, test; a standard for judgment or evaluation

disconsolate

deeply unhappy or dejected; without hope, beyond consolation

encumber

to weigh down or burden; to fill up, block up, hinder

enigmatic

puzzling, perplexing, inexplicable, not easily understood

extraneous

coming from the outside, foreign; present but not essential, irrelevant

impassive

showing no feeling or emotion; inanimate; motionless

herculean

characterized by great strength; very hard to do in the sense of requiring unusual strength

impromptu

without preparation, offhand, suddenly or hastily done; an extemporaneous composition or remark; a minimal piece suggestive of improvisation

inception

the beginning, start, earliest stage of some process, institution, etc.

incontrovertible

unquestionable, beyond dispute

infirmity

a weakness or ailment

onus

something that is heavy or burdensome; a stigma; blame

nonplussed

puzzled, not knowing what to do, at a loss

potpourri

a collection of diverse or miscellaneous items; a general mixture; petals mixed with spices for scent

precocious

showing unusually early development

tortuous

winding, twisted, crooked; highly involved, complex; devious

requisite

needed, necessary, regarded as essential or indispensable

supplicate

to beg earnestly and humbly

surfeit

an excess or overindulgence, as in eating or drinking, causing disgust; to feed or supply with anything to excess

sententious

self-righteous, characterized by moralizing; given to use of maxims or adages; saying much in few words, pithy

profligate

given over to dissipation and self-indulgence, immoral; recklessly extravagant; a person given to self-indulgent and wild spending

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