Sociology 101 - Chapter 10

22 terms by C_Navarro

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Race

a group of people who share physical characteristics, such as skin color and facial features, that re passed on through reproduction

Ethnic Group

a group of people who identify with a common national origin or cultural heritage that includes language, geographic toots, food, customs, traditions, and or religion

Racial Ethnic Group

a group of people who have both distinctive physical and cultural characteristics

Dominant Group

any physically or culturally distinctive group that has the most economic and political power, the greatest privileges, and the highest social status

Apartheid

a formal system of racial segregation

Minority

a group of people who may be subject to differential and unequal treatment because of their physical, cultural, or other characteristics, such as gender, sexual orientation, religion etc

Genocide

the systematic effort to kill all members of a particular ethnic, religious, political, racial, or national group

Internal Colonialism

the unequal treatment and subordinate status of groups within a country

Segregation

the physical and social separation of dominant and minorty groups

Assimilation

the process of conforming to the culture of the dominant group and intermarrying with that group

Pluralism

minority groups retain their culture but have equal social standing in society

Racism

a set of beliefs that one's own racial group is naturally superior to other groups

Prejudice

an attitude, positive or negative, toward people because of their group membership

Stereotype

an oversimplified or exaggerated generalization about a category of people

Ethnocentrism

the belief that one's own culture, society, or group is inherently superior to others

Scapegoats

individuals or groups whom people blame for their own problems or shortcomings

Discrimination

any act that treats people unequally or unfairly because of their group membership

Individual discrimination

harmful action directed intentionally, on a one to one basis, by a member of a dominant group against a member of minority group

Institutional Discrimination

unequal treatment and opportunities that members of minority groups experience as a result of the everyday operations of a society's laws, rules, policies, practices, and customs

Gendered Racism

the combined and cumulative effects of inequality due to racism and sexism

Contact Hypothesis

the idea that the more people get to know members of a minority group personally, the less likely they are to be prejudiced against that group

Miscegenation

marriage or sexual relations between a man and a woman of different races

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