A federal outpost at Charleston, South Carolina, attacked by Confederate troops on April 12th, 1861, beginning the Civil War.
Slave states bordering the North that did not secede. This included Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri.
A Union general who developed a strategy that was to destroy the South's economy with a naval blockade of Southern ports and gain control of the Mississippi river to divide the South.
The idea Jefferson Davis tried to win foreign allies over with. It was the idea that Great Britain would support the Confederacy because it needed the South's raw cotton to supply its booming textile industry.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
A Confederate general who commanded a unit that would not retreat against the Union, therefore earning his nickname.
First Battle of Bull Run
The first major battle of the Civil War, and a victory to the Confederacy, also known as the first Battle of Manassas. It quickly shattered the North's hopes to win quickly.
George B. McClellan
A Union general who assembled the Army of the Potomac and spent months training. He attacked Richmond very slowly through the peninsula between the James and York rivers.
Robert E. Lee
A Confederate general who graduated from West Point and had served in the Mexican War and led troops during John Brown's revolt.
Seven Days' Battles
A series of battles that forced the Union army to retreat from near Richmond.
Second Battle of Bull Run
A battle between "Stonewall" Jackson and Pope's Union forces in August of 1862. It is also known as the Second Battle of Manassas.
Battle of Antietam
A battle on September 4th, 1862, when some Confederates crossed the border to Maryland, led by General Robert E. Lee. It was also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg and the bloodiest single-day battle of the Civil War and US History. It had more casualties than the American Revolution, War of 1812, and Mexican-American War combined.
A warship heavily armored with iron.
Ulysses S. Grant
Commander of forces in the Union's western campaign who wanted to be on offensive force but was placed on defensive. Also a later president.
Battle Of Shiloh
A 2-day battle when General A. S. Johnson attacked General Ulysses Grant's camp in the early morning. Later, the Union army gained greater control of the Mississippi River valley.
An Admiral who planned an operation with 18 ships and 700 men that approached the 2 forts guarding the entrance to New Orleans from the Gulf of Mexico.
Siege Of Vicksburg
When General Grant cut off the city of Vicksburg and shelled it repeatedly.
The freeing of slaves.
A proclamation written by Lincoln in order the free the Confederate slaves. It declared that "all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free".
An escaped slave
54th Massachusetts Infantry
A military unit that consisted mostly of free African Americans. In July of 1863, the regiment led a charge on South Carolina's Fort Wagner.
Midwesterners that sympathized with the South and opposed abolition.They thought the war was unnecessary and called for its end.
A constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment. Lincoln saw the Copperheads as a threat to the war effort and he suspended this.
The founder of the American Red Cross and also known as the "angel of the battlefield". She volunteered to organize the collection of medicine and supplies for delivery to the battlefield and also to soothe the wounded and dying.
George G. Meade
A Confederate general of a raiding party that went to Gettysburg for boots and other supplies, triggering the Battle Of Gettysburg.
Battle of Gettysburg
A key battle that finally turned the tide against the Confederates. It began on July 1st, 1863, when a Confederate raiding party led by George G. Meade and Union forces began exchanging fire. It lasted 3 days.
A Confederate general who commanded the largest unit fighting in the Battle of Gettysburg and Pickett's Charge.
A failed Confederate attack up Cemetery Ridge, Pennsylvania. The battle took 50 minutes and fewer than half of the attacking soldiers even made it to the top.
A speech by President Lincoln where he praised the bravery of the Union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War. This speech is one of the most famous in American history.
A series of battles launched by Union troops that were designed to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia.
William Tecumseh Sherman
A Union general who destroyed Southern railroads and industries in an effort to prove the North was strong and to get Lincoln reelected in 1864.
A method practiced by General Sherman consisting of destroying civilian and economic resources, destroying railways, bridges,crops, livestock, and other resources while burning down plantations and freeing slaves.
A courthouse in a small town where General Lee surrendered to General Grant, ending the Civil War.