Chapter 15: The Ferment of Reform and Culture

24 terms by mrmcfarland 

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"We [Americans] will walk on our own feet; We will work with our won hands; We will speak our own minds." - Ralph Waldo Emerson, "The American Scholar," 1837

Polygamy

The act of marrying multiple spouses.

nullies

People of South Carolina favoring nullification.

Burned-Over District

New England areas overcome with sermonizers.

Theocracy

Religious leaders exercising direct political authority.

Second Great Awakening

19th Century ferment of reform, culture.

Utopian

Unrealistic society, pursues ideal social order.

Communistic

Productions are owned by whole community.

Communitarian

Superiority of community over individual life.

Free Love

Sexual relations without law, marriage, religion.

Eugenic

Improving human species by selective breeding.

Classical

Culture of ancient Greece and Rome.

Mystical

Belief in God without human comprehension.

Nonconformist

One refusing to follow established ideas.

American Temperance Society

American group working towards outlawing alcohol.

Providential

Under care and direction of God.

The Age of Reason

Novel declaring churches monopolized power, profit.

Walt Whitman

American poet, published Leaves of Grass.

Henry Melville

American author of novel, "Moby Dick"

Edgar Allen Poe

19th Century gothic poet and writer.

Nathaniel Hawthorne

Author of Puritan, "The Scarlet Letter"

Common Sense

Thomas Paine's 19th Century religious pamphlet.

Shakers

Religious sect stressing simplicity, everyday life.

Public Education

Established by tax dollars expanding education.

Scientific Revolution

The intellectual, scientific movement in Europe.

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