Heat absorbed or radiated during a change of phase at a constant temperature and pressure.
The ratio of the amount of water in the air at a give temperature to the maximum amount it could hold at that temperature.
The temperature at which the water vapor in the air becomes saturated and condensation begins.
Dry Adiabatic Rate
The rate of adiabatic cooling or warming in unsaturated air; the rate of temperature change is 1°C per 100 meters.
Wet Adiabatic Rate
The rate of adiabatic temperature change in saturated air; the rate of temperature change is variable, but it is always less than the dry adiabatic rate.
Cloud formation that occurs when warm moist air is forced to rise up the side of a mountain.
Lifting of air resulting when cool air acts as a barrier over which warmer, lighter air will rise.
Weather process where the sun heats the land surface, which heats the adjacent air, and then the heated air rises.
Air that resists vertical displacement; if it is lifted, adiabatic cooling will cause its temperature to be lower than the surrounding environment; if it is allowed, it will sink to its original position.
Air that does not resist verticle displacement; if it is lifted, its temperature will not cool as rapidly as the surrounding environment, and so it will continue to rise on its own.
Atmospheric condition in which warm air traps cooler air near the earth's surface.