American Government Unit 7

38 terms by markod18

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Appellate Jurisdiction

hear case on appeal, never for 1st time

Arraignment

enter plea, trial scheduled if "not guilt"

Bail

$ accused pays, gets back when shows up to court

Bill of Indictment

pre-trial to see if there's reasonable chance of guilt

Common Law

law based on customs/traditions of area

Contempt of Court

disobeying a court order

Court of Appeals

ease pressure on Supreme Court, 13 total

District Court

1st trial courts for all cases under fed law

Docket

court calendar

Equity

law tries to provide justice when other two (common/statutory) don't apply

Exclusive Jurisdiction

only one person gets to hear case

Felony

serious criminal offense

Grand Jury

does investigations

Injunction

court order to do or not do something

Judicial Review

power to declare a law unconstitutional; held by Supreme Court

Misdemeanor

minor criminal offense

Municipal Court

small state courts dealing with specific issues

Original Jurisdiction

case head for 1st time

Perjury

lying under oath

Petit Jury

decides guilt

Precedent

decision made in past that is used to make decision in present in similar type of case

Probate

deals with estate of dead person

Statutory Law

law passed by legislative body

Subpoena

court order telling person to act as a witness

Writ of Certiorari

lawyer has to file requesting Supreme Court case, tells reasons why

Writ of Habeas Corpus

judicial mandate requiring that a prisoner be brought before the court

Writ of Mandamus

Court order directing gov officials

Brief

everything about the case, filed by lawyer to Supreme Court Justice

Civil Cases

dispute between 2 people

Mistrial

suspect gets off, can be retried

Citizen's Arrest

arrest made by a person who is not acting as a sworn law-enforcement official

Hung Jury

cannot reach a decision

US Supreme Court

by founding fathers, power of judicial review, 9 Justices, 8 Associates, 1 Chief

Territorial Courts

fed courts that deal with US territories

General Trial Courts

district courts

Majority/Minority Opinion

sets forth the decision of the court and an explanation of the rationale behind the court's decision, written

Concurrent Jurisdiction

federal and state courts apply, Plaintiff decides which one

Federal Judges

appointed by President, approved by Senate, hold office for life based on good behavior

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