What was the Supreme Court ruling in the Plessy v. Ferguson case?
Seperate but equal
What were 3 reasons for developing a civil rights movement after World War II?
1) It provided job opportunites for blacks
2) 1 million blacks served in the military
3) Civil rights were being actively campaigned during this time
Who was Thurgood Marshall and what were the goals of the NAACP?
Thurgood Marshall was the lawyer of the Brown v. Board case and the leader of the NAACP. The NAACP's goal was to end segregation
What was the Supreme Court ruling in the Brown v. Board case?
Segregation in the schools was unconstitutional
What were the actions of the state of Arkansas during the Little Rock Nine?
The National Guard turned away the Little Rock Nine, and civilians started a riot
What were the actions of the federal government during the Little Rock Nine?
Eisenhower sent 1,000 troops into Little Rock to follow and make sure the students didn't get hurt
What was the goal and outcome of the Montgomery Bus Boycott?
Goal: To make the bus business fail
Outcome: Desegregation was allowed on public busses
What were the goals and outcomes of the sit-ins?
Goal: To make desegregation legal in restaurant counters
Outcome: Goal was accomplished
What were the goals of the Freedom Rides?
Goal: To make the racists violent
Outcomes: FBI agents escorted busses to finish the Freedom Rides after violents of racists
What were the goals and outcomes of the Birmingham Marches?
Goal: To end segregation in Birmingham
Outcomes: King was arrested and children were beat and arrested, there was a negative media imput on the nation and eventually an end to segregation in Birmingham
What was the goal and outcome of the Freedom Summer?
Goal: To bring national publicity for voting rights
Outcome: a new political party, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 came into law, and 3 times as many African Americans registered to vote
What was the goal and outcome of the Selma Campaign?
Goal: More voting rights in Selma
Outcomes: voting got passed and were escorted by police through the march
What was the significance of Martin Luther King Jr.?
He was the leader of the Civil Rights movement
What was the significance of Rosa Parks?
She started the Montgomery Bus Boycott
What was the significance of the SCLC?
To use non-violence to promote Civil Rights
What was the significance of the SNCC?
It set up civil disobedience programs
What was the significance of James Meredith?
He integrated the University of Mississippi
What was the significance of Malcolm X?
Spurred black pride
What was the significance of the Nation of Islam?
Spurred black pride
What was the significance of Stokely Carmicheal?
He was the new leader of SNCC
What was the significance of Black Power?
It spurred black pride
What was the significance of the Black Panthers?
They promoted violence to gain Civil Rights goals
How did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 help the Civil Rights?
It banned legal segregation
How did the Voting Rights Acts of 1965 help the Civil Rights?
Allowed African Americans to vote and 3 times as many of them registered to vote
How did the 24th Amendment help Civil Rights?
It made poll taxes unconstitutional
What is de facto segregation and de jure segregation?
De facto segregation is segregation in practice and culture and de jure segregation is segregation by law
What were the the events surrounding the deaths of Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy?
He was killed in Memphis by James Earl Ray
What were 3 significant gains in the African American community because of the Civil Rights Movement?
1) They ended de jure segregation
2) They got pride in their heritage
3) They made political gains such as voting and holding office
What were 3 reasons why the Civil Rights Movement had unfinished work to do?
1) To end de facto segregation
2) They were 3 times more likely to end up in poverty
3) They were half as likely to graduate