Chapter 7 Male Reproductive System

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testis, or testicle

primary male sex organs, paired, oval-shaped, and enclosed in a sac called the scrotum

sperm

the microscopic male germ cell

testosterone

the principal male sex hormaone

seminiferous tubules

approximately 900 coiled tubes within the testes in which spermatogenesis occurs

epididymis

coiled duct atop each of the testes that provides for storage, transit, and maturation of spermatozoa

vas deferens, ductus deferens, or seminal duct

duct carrying for the sperm from the epididymis to the urethra

seminal vesicles

two main glands located at the base of the bladder that open into the vas deferens

prostate gland

encircles the upper end of the urethra; secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of the sperm and ejaculation

scrotum

sac suspended on both sides of and just behind the penis

penis

male organ of urination and copulation

glans penis

enlarged tip at the end of the penis

prepuce

fold of skin covering the glans penis in uncircumcised males

semen

composed of sperm, seminal fluids, and other secretions

genitalia

reproductive organs (male or female)

balan/o

glans penis

epididym/o

epididymis

orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o, test/o

testis, testicle

prostat/o

prostate gland

vas/o

vessel, duct

vesicul/o

seminal vesicle

andr/o

male

sperm/o, spermat/o

spermatozoon

-ism

state of

anorchism

state of absence of testis

balanitis

inflammation of the glans penis

balanorrhea

discharge from the glans penis

benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

excessive development pertaining to the prostate gland

cryptochidism

state of hidden testes

epididymitis

inflammation of an epididymis

orchiepididymitis

inflammation of the testis and epididymis

orchitis, orchiditis, or testitis

inflammation of the testis and testicle

protatitis

inflammation of the prostate gland

prostatocystitis

inflammation of the prostate gland and the bladder

prostatolith

stone in the prostate gland

prostatorrhea

discharge from the prostate gland

prostatovesiculitis

inflammation of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles

erectile dysfunction (ED)

the inability of the male to attain or maintain an erection sufficient to perform sexual intercourse; formally known as impotence

hydrocele

scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid

phimosis

a tightness of the prepuce that prevents its retraction over the glans penis

priapism

persistent abnormal erection of the penis accompanied by pain and tenderness

prostate cancer

cancer of the prostate gland

testicular carcinoma

cancer of the testicle

testicular torsion

twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis

varicocele

enlarged veins of the spermatic cord

balanoplasty

surgical repair of the glans penis

epididymectomy

excision of an epididymis

orchidectomy, orchiectomy

excision of the testes

orchidopexy, orchiopexy

surgical fixation of a testicle

orchidotomy, orchiotomy

incision into a testis

orchioplasty

surgical repair of a testis

prostatectomy

excision of the prostate gland

prostatocystotomy

incision into the prostate gland and bladder

prostatolithotomy

incision into the prostate gland to remove a stone

prostatovesiculectomy

excision of the prostate gland and seminal vesicles

vasectomy

excision of a duct

vasovasostomy

creation of artificial openings between ducts

vesiculectomy

excision of the seminal vesicles

circumcision

surgical removal of the prepuce

hydrocelectomy

surgical removal of a hydrocele

radical prostatectomy (RP)

excision of the prostate gland with its capsule, seminal vesicles, vas deferens, and sometimes pelvic lymph nodes

suprapubic prostatectomy

excision of the prostate gland through an abdominal incision made above the pubic bone and through an incision in the bladder

transurethral incision of the prostate gland (TUIP)

a surgical procedure that widens the urethra by making a few small incision in the bladder neck and the prostate gland

transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT)

a treatment that eliminates excess tissue present in benign prostatic hyperplasia by using heat generated by microwave

transurethral resection of the prostate gland (TURP)

successive pieces of the prostate gland tissue are resected by using a resectoscope inserted through the urethra

transrectal ultrasound

and procedure used to diagnose prostate cancer

prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

a blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen in the blood

digital rectal examination (DRE)

a physical examination in which the physician inserts a finger into the rectum and feels for the rectum and feels for the size and shaped of the prostate gland through the rectal wall

andropathy

disease of the male

aspermia

condition of without sperm

oligospermia

condition of scanty sperm

spermatolysis

dissolution of sperm

acquire immunodeficiency syndrom (AIDS)

a disease that affects the body's immune system

artificial insemination

introduction of semen into the vagina by artificial means

chlamydia

a sexually transmitted disease

coitus

sexual intercourse between male and female

condon

cover for the penis worn during coitus to prevent conception and the spread of sexually transmitted disease

ejaculation

ejection of semen from the male urethra

genital herpes

sexually transmitted disease caused by herpesvirus hominis type 2

gonads

male and female sex glands

gonorrhea

contagious, inflammatory sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterial organism that affects the mucous membranes of the genitourinary system

heterosexual

person who is attracted to a member of the opposite sex

homosexual

person who is attracted to a member of the same sex

human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

a type of retrovirus that causes AIDS

human papillomavirus (HPV)

a prevalent sexually transmitted disease causing benign or cancerous growths in male and female genitals

orgasm

climax of sexual stimulation

prosthesis

an artificial replacement of an absent body part

puberty

period when secondary sex characteristics develop and the ability to reproduce sexually begins

sexually transmitted disease (STD)

diseases, such as syphilis, gnorrhea, and genital herpes, transmitted during sexual contact

sterilization

process that renders an individual unable to produce offspring

syphilis

chronic infection caused by the bacterium treponema pallidum, which usually is transmitted by sexual contact

trichomoniasis

a sexually transmitted disease caused by a one-cell organism, trichomonas

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